We Can: Black Politics in Cradock, South Africa 1948-1985 | National Inquiry Services Centre

We Can

We Can: Black Politics in Cradock, South Africa 1948-1985

Black Politics in Cradock, South Africa 1948-1985

By Michael S. Tetelman
Size: 250 x 175 mm
Pages: 217
ISBN 13: 978-0-86810-602-1
Published: November 2011
Publishers: Eastern Cape Reprints publications on behalf of Rhodes University.
Recommended Retail Price: R 228.00
Cover: Paperback

About the book

This monograph reflects the broader freedom struggle at the community or grassroots level in South Africa.  Homing in on Cradock, We Can! shows our protest history in all its naked horrors, enduring contradictions, and occasional benign nuances.

Michael Tetelman crafts a tapestry wherein both rulers and activists struggle for power and justice in a complex society.  In this process we see fear stalking government policy-makers and a combination of boldness and uncertainty exhibited by anti-segregation and anti-apartheid formations up to 1960.  After a period of repression, the struggle transitioned to a bolder, even violent, approach that led to the rendezvous of negotiations as of the late 1980s.

Through all of this, Tetelman shows, albeit implicitly, how the “broad church” of the African National Congress (ANC) came into being and played out, especially under the leadership of James Calata of Cradock.  More enduringly, the author demonstrates the generational tensions that dogged the ANC from the 1930s through the 19880s; how sport, church, education and beer hall recreation were used for different political outcomes. 

He shows how youth incrementally pushed the liberation struggle to higher levels of intensity – from well before university students found their public voice.  There is a moment, about 1983-84, in We Can! when charismatic Cradock teacher-activist Matthew Goniwe managed to get African clergy, youth, and elite to transcend their differences.  But a complex youth-based grassroots movement, in various community guises, as well as a militarized response from the apartheid regime, set the agenda for a new South Africa by this time.

Tetelman’s book adds significant value to South Africa’s protest literature.  It enhances our understanding of the complexity of struggle at local level, and it fleshes out our national narrative.

About the Authors

Dr Michael Tetelman, an international development practitioner, has taught and published articles and book chapters on African history and politics, as well as on issues relating to African development. Dr Tetelman received his undergraduate degree in History from Yale University, his doctorate in History in History and African Studies from Northwestern University, and his Juris Doctor degree from Georgetown University Law School. He lives in Falls Church, Virginia (USA) and has three children, Justin, Samantha and Ali. This is Dr Tetelman's first book, the result of research he conducted in South Africa as a Fullbright Scholar.


Chapter 1 ACCOMMODATION, MOBILITY, AND DISILLUSIONMENT Black Politics in Cradock up to 1948

Chapter 2 "THESE THINGS COME TO US IN THE SMALL TOWNS" Apartheid and Overt Protest in Cradock, 1948-58

Chapter 3 "POLITICS HAVE CHANGED OUR CHILDREN" Removals and Renewed Protest, 1958-77

Chapter 4 TAKING ON THE "TEA BOYS" Community Councils and Civics, 1978-83

Chapter 5 "EYE OF THE CYCLONE" Cradock, 1984-89

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