Original Articles

The Effects of Kenyan Child-Raising Practices on Adult Life

Published in: Journal of Psychology in Africa
Volume 17, issue 1-2, 2007 , pages: 79–83
DOI: 10.1080/14330237.2007.10820148
Author(s): Emmy M. GichingaNairobi International School of Theology,


The study investigated the effects on adult behavior of child-raising practices in Nairobi, Kenya. The research sample consisted of 11 adult men and women from polygamous (five), monogamous (five) and single parent (one) backgrounds. Additionally, the sample included adult participants from 9 social situations and, 42 clinical interviews from a counseling center and also from participant observation. Child-rearing practices significantly impacted personal qualities in Kenyan adults. The positive effects were: respect, diligence, determination, resilience, perseverance and tolerance in relationships. Among the negative effects were: perfectionism, poor self-image, underlying anger, fear and mistrust.

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