Original Articles

COMPARISON OF FISH GONADS AND FISH MEAL AS MAJOR COMPONENTS IN THE DIETS OF YOUNG AFRICAN SHARPTOOTH CATFISH, CLARIAS GARIEPINUS (BURCHELL)

DOI: 10.1080/10183469.1994.9631351
Author(s): L.C. HoffmanAquaculture Research Unit, South Africa, J.F. PrinslooAquaculture Research Unit, South Africa, J. TheronAquaculture Research Unit, South Africa

Abstract

The replacement of fish-meal (two sources, arbitrarily designated FMA and FMB), with either freeze dried (GVD) or oven dried (GOD) gonads of Clarias gariepinus in a starter diet for larvae of this species, was tested. No significant difference in larval growth rates was noted between the various protein sources, although fish receiving FMA had a significantly lower final body weight (p ≤ 0.05). Fish which received gonads as a protein source had a significantly higher total body lipid (GOD = 28.47% Dry Mass—DM) than those receiving fish-meal (FMA = 13.97% DM). The whole body fatty acid composition was influenced by that of the fatty acid composition of the protein source. The hepatocytes of the fish receiving the gonads as protein source showed 100% lipid accumulation and degenerative changes, whilst those from fish-meal fed fish showed none.

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