Article

The moderating role of proactive coping on the relationship between distress tolerance and elevated blood pressure

Published in: Journal of Psychology in Africa
Volume 29, issue 3, 2019 , pages: 243–248
DOI: 10.1080/14330237.2019.1616426
Author(s): Maria Chidi C. OnyedibeDepartment of Psychology, Nigeria

Abstract

This study investigated the moderating role of proactive coping on the relationship between distress tolerance and elevated blood pressure (BP) among Nigerian adults with heart disease. Two hundred and forty hypertensive patients were recruited from the cardiology unit of a university teaching hospital (females = 56.2%%; mean age = 41.09 years, SD = 9.11 years). The participants responded to two self-reported measure including the Proactive Coping Inventory (PCI) and the Distress Tolerance Scale (DTS). Following moderated regression analysis, the results showed that proactive coping moderated the relationship between distress tolerance and elevated BP. The slope of the moderation analysis indicated that the relationship between distress tolerance and mean artery pressure was significantly higher for individuals with low proactive coping, as compared to individuals with higher proactive coping. Unlike reactive ways of coping, which addressed already existing stress, interventions aimed at increasing peoples’ proactive coping could be more efficacious in the management of people with high BP.

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