Articles by Keyword: Propofol

Search results for Propofol

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  1. Sedation with alfentanil and propofol for rhizotomies

    Sedation with alfentanil and propofol for rhizotomies

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Background: Patient safety during sedation for closed rhizotomies is improved when analgesia is optimised, rather than relying on deep sedation for patient comfort. This retrospective study determined the appropriate effect-site concentration (Ce) for alfentanil, in combination with a constant propofol...
  2. Lipid emulsion therapy: non-nutritive uses of lipid emulsions in anaesthesia and intensive care

    Lipid emulsion therapy: non-nutritive uses of lipid emulsions in anaesthesia and intensive care

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Lipid emulsions were introduced into clinical practice more than five decades ago as a calorically dense, non-glucose-based energy source for parenteral nutrition. Recently, intravenous lipid emulsions have been used as rescue for systemic local anaesthetic toxicity. However, the non-nutritive, therapeutic...
  3. A prospective, randomised, controlled clinical trial to evaluate the effect of nitrous oxide on propofol requirement in elective craniotomy in which entropy was used to measure depth of anaesthesia

    A prospective, randomised, controlled clinical trial to evaluate the effect of nitrous oxide on propofol requirement in elective craniotomy in which entropy was used to measure depth of anaesthesia

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Background: Propofol is known to have a favourable effect on cerebral haemodynamics. The role of nitrous oxide (N2O) in neurosurgical anaesthesia is still being debated. The primary aim of this study was to assess the dose-sparing effect of N2O on...
  4. A survey of propofol injection practices reveals poor knowledge of and unsatisfactory adherence to the SASA Guidelines for Infection Control

    A survey of propofol injection practices reveals poor knowledge of and unsatisfactory adherence to the SASA Guidelines for Infection Control

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Background: Propofol lipid emulsion supports bacterial growth and various outbreaks of postoperative infection are attributed to extrinsic contamination. This study’s objectives were to ascertain propofol administration practices among South African anaesthesiologists and to determine the influence of the 2014 South...
  5. Induction of anaesthesia with propofol according to the adjusted ideal body mass in obese and non-obese patients: an observational study

    Induction of anaesthesia with propofol according to the adjusted ideal body mass in obese and non-obese patients: an observational study

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Background: Obesity changes body composition including fat free mass (FFM), regarded as the “pharmacologically active mass”. Scaling drug doses to obese patients by total body mass (TBM) results in overdose. We aimed to determine the success rate of inducing anaesthesia...