Articles by Keyword: Prophylaxis

Search results for Prophylaxis

We found 11 results for you
  1. Cost-effectiveness analysis of infant feeding strategies to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in South Africa

    Cost-effectiveness analysis of infant feeding strategies to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in South Africa

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: African Journal of AIDS Research
    Despite increasing availability of perinatal interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV in South Africa, MTCT remains high due to breastfeeding. To inform policy decisions in the country, cost-effectiveness of alternative infant-feeding interventions was conducted. Mathematical modelling was used...
  2. Recurrent urinary tract infections in non-pregnant adult women

    Recurrent urinary tract infections in non-pregnant adult women

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: South African Family Practice
    Recurrent urinary tract infections occur in approximately 5% of adult women. It has a significant impact on the affected women's quality of life and on health care costs. It is important to be aware of the physiologically protective factors preventing...
  3. Willingness to participate in future HIV prevention trials in Beira, Mozambique

    Willingness to participate in future HIV prevention trials in Beira, Mozambique

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: African Journal of AIDS Research
    In preparation for trials of new HIV prevention methods, willingness to participate (WTP) was assessed in Beira, Mozambique. A totla of 1 019 women participating in an HIV incidence study, and 97 men participating in a separate WTP survey, were...
  4. A review of occupational exposure to blood and blood products in medical students in a South African university

    A review of occupational exposure to blood and blood products in medical students in a South African university

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: South African Family Practice
    Background: There is a significant risk of a medical student acquiring a blood-borne pathogen following occupational exposure to blood and other bodily fluids from infected patients in the healthcare setting. Internationally and nationally, interventions have been implemented in medical schools...
  5. Dog bites and human rabies in the Uthungulu District of Kwazulu-Natal province, 2008–2010: a review of surveillance data

    Dog bites and human rabies in the Uthungulu District of Kwazulu-Natal province, 2008–2010: a review of surveillance data

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection
    The Uthungulu District in KwaZulu-Natal province is the area that is most affected by rabies in South Africa. Usually, the transmission of rabies to humans occurs through the bites of infected dogs. In 2008, Uthungulu commenced a programme to eliminate...
  6. Preventive therapy for children following contact with a tuberculosis source case: cause for debate in a high-burden setting?

    Preventive therapy for children following contact with a tuberculosis source case: cause for debate in a high-burden setting?

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases
    The identifcation of vulnerable children following contact with an infectious tuberculosis source case, and their subsequent treatment with effective preventive therapy, reduces the risk of tuberculosis disease progression. The majority of countries in the world recommend preventive therapy for young...
  7. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of post-exposure prophylaxis against blood-borne viral infection among dental surgeons in a teaching hospital

    Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of post-exposure prophylaxis against blood-borne viral infection among dental surgeons in a teaching hospital

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases
    Background: This study was aimed at assessing the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of dental surgeons on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP).
  8. Nor-epinephrine versus vasopressin infusion for prevention of spinal-induced hypotension: a placebo-controlled study

    Nor-epinephrine versus vasopressin infusion for prevention of spinal-induced hypotension: a placebo-controlled study

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Objectives: To evaluate the prophylactic effect of norepinephrine (NE) and vasopressin (VP) infusion on frequency and severity of spinal anaesthesia-induced hypotension (SAIH).
  9. Anaesthetists’ knowledge of surgical antibiotic prophylaxis: a prospective descriptive study

    Anaesthetists’ knowledge of surgical antibiotic prophylaxis: a prospective descriptive study

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) is the second most common hospital-acquired infection and results in increased morbidity and mortality and a longer hospital stay. Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) is one component of broader strategies to reduce rates of SSI. Adherence...