Articles by Keyword: Paediatric Anaesthesia

Search results for Paediatric Anaesthesia

We found 157 results for you
  1. Use of the sitting position for pineal tumour surgery in a five-year-old child

    Use of the sitting position for pineal tumour surgery in a five-year-old child

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    The sitting position provides almost ideal access to several areas within the cranium. The high risk of air embolism has led to decreased use of the sitting position. However, improved identification of patients at risk of paradoxical embolism may allow...
  2. Regional anaesthesia in children: an update

    Regional anaesthesia in children: an update

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Regional anaesthesia for children continues to grow in popularity. The potential benefits of regional anaesthesia over more conventional methods are well recognised, but the level of evidence is small since there are few well designed randomised controlled studies on infants...
  3. Avoiding adverse outcomes in anaesthesia. The relevant As: allergy, asthma airway and anaphylaxis

    Avoiding adverse outcomes in anaesthesia. The relevant As: allergy, asthma airway and anaphylaxis

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    The perioperative preparation of children presenting for surgery aims to identify medical problems that might influence the outcome and to institute management strategies to reduce those risks. Adverse respiratory events remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in modern...
  4. Sub-Tenon's lidocaine injection improves emergence agitation after general anaesthesia in paediatric ocular surgery

    Sub-Tenon's lidocaine injection improves emergence agitation after general anaesthesia in paediatric ocular surgery

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a sub-Tenon's lidocaine injection on emergence agitation in children receiving sevoflurane or halothane anaesthesia for strabismus surgery.
  5. Paediatric burns anaesthesia: the things that make a difference

    Paediatric burns anaesthesia: the things that make a difference

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Anaesthesia and pain management for paediatric burns continues to challenge and frustrate healthcare professionals in this field of medicine. This review aims to provide some practical management strategies to enable the improved care of burned children. The pathophysiology of burns,...
  6. An audit of the perioperative anaesthetic management of ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion in the paediatric population at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital

    An audit of the perioperative anaesthetic management of ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion in the paediatric population at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Objective: Our study included an assessment of current anaesthetic practice in paediatric ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion (VPSI), a review of shunt revision and complication rates, an evaluation of the incidence of congenital syndromes, retroviral disease and tuberculosis meningitis, and differentiation with...
  7. An unusual conduit for a paediatric tracheostomy tube exchange

    An unusual conduit for a paediatric tracheostomy tube exchange

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    This case report demonstrates the challenges of the paediatric airway, and useful, practical solutions in the management of tracheostomies in children. A six-year-old child underwent a tracheostomy, where an inappropriately large tracheostomy tube was inserted. The choice was guided by...
  8. A review of paediatric anaesthetic-related mortality, serious adverse events and critical incidents

    A review of paediatric anaesthetic-related mortality, serious adverse events and critical incidents

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Anaesthetists increasingly face questions from parents on the long-term outcomes of anaesthesia, and yet more immediate anaesthetic risks are not understood, nor explained to families. This review focused on paediatric anaesthetic-related mortality, cardiac arrest and anaesthetic-related serious adverse events and...
  9. Anaesthetic management for ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion in an infant with Dandy–Walker Syndrome

    Anaesthetic management for ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion in an infant with Dandy–Walker Syndrome

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Dandy–Walker Syndrome (DWS) is a rare congenital brain anomaly affecting the cerebellum and the fourth ventricle. The chief components of the syndrome include cystic dilatation of the fourth ventricle and agenesis or hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis. These abnormalities are...