Articles by Keyword: Infection Control

Search results for Infection Control

We found 234 results for you
  1. Needlestick injuries in an era of HIV: technical and personal aspects

    Needlestick injuries in an era of HIV: technical and personal aspects

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: African Journal of AIDS Research
    Hospitals are workplaces in which HIV has double significance. Needlestick accidents link patients, healthcare workers and cleaning staff through the risk of occupational exposure to HIV. Additionally, concern over needlestick injuries may embody HIV stigma, discrimination and fear. This paper...
  2. Long-term population effect of male circumcision in generalised HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa

    Long-term population effect of male circumcision in generalised HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: African Journal of AIDS Research
    This paper examines the complex relationship between male circumcision and HIV prevalence and incidence in sub-Saharan African countries that have generalised epidemics. In South Africa, the mean yearly HIV incidence and an estimate of the net reproduction rate of the...
  3. Infection control in anaesthesia in regional, tertiary and central hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal. Part 2: Equipment contamination

    Infection control in anaesthesia in regional, tertiary and central hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal. Part 2: Equipment contamination

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Objectives: Contaminated anaesthetic equipment has been implicated in the nosocomial transmission of infection. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of blood (occult or visible) and/or visible organic material contamination of anaesthetic equipment deemed to be ready...
  4. Infection control in anaesthesia in regional, tertiary and central hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal. Part 3: Decontamination practices

    Infection control in anaesthesia in regional, tertiary and central hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal. Part 3: Decontamination practices

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Background: Anaesthetic equipment is a potential vector for the transmission of disease. This study was undertaken to observe current infection control practices among anaesthetic nurses regarding the decontamination of anaesthetic equipment in regional, tertiary and central hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal.
  5. Infection control in anaesthesia in regional, tertiary and central hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal. Part 1: Unsafe injection practices among anaesthetists

    Infection control in anaesthesia in regional, tertiary and central hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal. Part 1: Unsafe injection practices among anaesthetists

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Objectives: Unsafe injection and vial usage practices, including the reuse of needles and syringes for different patients, is one of the leading causes of the iatrogenic spread of blood-borne diseases. A study was conducted to determine the prevalence of the...
  6. Strategies for the Prevention and Containment of Antibiotic Resistance

    Strategies for the Prevention and Containment of Antibiotic Resistance

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: South African Family Practice
    Antibiotic resistance may emerge by antibiotic selection pressure but is perpetuated by diverse risk factors and maintained within environments as a result of poor infection control. Population-specific drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics also play a role. The WHO, US, UK and...
  7. Tuberculosis infection control practices in primary healthcare facilities in three districts of South Africa

    Tuberculosis infection control practices in primary healthcare facilities in three districts of South Africa

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection
    South Africa has one of the highest incidence of tuberculosis in the world, which can partly be attributed to poor infection control in public healthcare (PHC) facilities. The aim of the study was to explore the extent of tuberculosis and...
  8. First outbreak of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus in a haematology unit in Durban, South Africa

    First outbreak of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus in a haematology unit in Durban, South Africa

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases
    Vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) are increasingly important causes of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Although VRE is a significant cause of nosocomial sepsis in these countries, limited data is available on the role that this pathogen plays in South...
  9. Delivery of isoniazid preventive therapy to reduce occupational TB among healthcare workers in Swaziland

    Delivery of isoniazid preventive therapy to reduce occupational TB among healthcare workers in Swaziland

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases
    Healthcare workers (HCWs) in Swaziland are at increased risk of acquiring tuberculosis (TB), but existing infection control and occupational health policies often fall short of mitigating the risk of acquiring TB in the workplace. Health service failure to systematically offer...
  10. A survey of propofol injection practices reveals poor knowledge of and unsatisfactory adherence to the SASA Guidelines for Infection Control

    A survey of propofol injection practices reveals poor knowledge of and unsatisfactory adherence to the SASA Guidelines for Infection Control

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia
    Background: Propofol lipid emulsion supports bacterial growth and various outbreaks of postoperative infection are attributed to extrinsic contamination. This study’s objectives were to ascertain propofol administration practices among South African anaesthesiologists and to determine the influence of the 2014 South...