Articles by Keyword: Hiv Transmission

Search results for Hiv Transmission

We found 34 results for you
  1. Leaf scorch on <em>Pennisetum clandestinum</em> dryland pastures induced by liquid urea ammonium nitrate fertilizer

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Journal of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa
    Transmission electron (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) demonstrated that the application of liquid urea ammonium nitrate (UAN 32) fertilizer, in concentrated form, to dryland pastures resulted in leaf scorch and subsequent necrosis, irrespective of the level and concentration of...
  2. DIGESTION OF <em>MICROCYSTIS AERUGINOSA</em> BY <em>OREOCHROMIS MOSSAMBICUS</em>

    DIGESTION OF <em>MICROCYSTIS AERUGINOSA</em> BY <em>OREOCHROMIS MOSSAMBICUS</em>

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Journal of the Limnological Society of Southern Africa
    The mean assimilation efficiency of aquarium acclimatized Oreochromis mossambiaue fed on a diet of Microcystis aeruginosa collected from Hartbeespoort Dam was determined as 50,8% for total organic matter, 63,7% for protein and 75,5% for phosphorus. Transmission electron microscopic examination of...
  3. Sex during genital bleeding and risks for HIV infection: preliminary study of sexually transmitted infection clinic patients in Cape Town, South Africa

    Sex during genital bleeding and risks for HIV infection: preliminary study of sexually transmitted infection clinic patients in Cape Town, South Africa

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: African Journal of AIDS Research
    Practicing sexual intercourse in the presence of blood is a potentially important factor in facilitating HIV transmission. In the current study 149 men and 78 women receiving diagnostic and treatment services for repeated sexually transmitted infections (STI) in Cape Town,...
  4. Understanding fatalism in HIV/AIDS protection: the individual in dialogue with contextual factors

    Understanding fatalism in HIV/AIDS protection: the individual in dialogue with contextual factors

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: African Journal of AIDS Research
    Many people remain at risk of becoming HIV-infected despite large-scale prevention efforts. An exploratory study was conducted to investigate the determinants of a fatalistic attitude towards protecting the self from HIV/AIDS. The study utilised the Human Sciences Research Council's national,...
  5. Barriers to accessing PMTCT services in a rural area of South Africa

    Barriers to accessing PMTCT services in a rural area of South Africa

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: African Journal of AIDS Research
    Despite good intentions and commitment from providers, prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services can be difficult for pregnant women to access, despite the provision of free health services for women and children. We examined the introduction of PMTCT services in a...
  6. Intrapartum practices to limit vertical transmission of HIV

    Intrapartum practices to limit vertical transmission of HIV

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: African Journal of AIDS Research
    The need to improve health services to HIV-positive women requires a specific focus on limiting mother-to-child transmission. Vertical transmission most often takes place during the intrapartum period; hence, it is essential to alert midwives to what constitutes safe or risky...
  7. Knowledge and perception of HIV/AIDS among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Ogun State, Nigeria

    Knowledge and perception of HIV/AIDS among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Ogun State, Nigeria

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: African Journal of AIDS Research
    Mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) is responsible for more than 90% of the cases of HIV infection in infants and children in sub-Saharan Africa. Accurate data on the knowledge and perceptions of HIV/AIDS among women attending antenatal clinics in Nigeria...
  8. Faithfulness to partners: a means to prevent HIV infection, a source of HIV infection risks, or both? A qualitative study of women's experiences in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

    Faithfulness to partners: a means to prevent HIV infection, a source of HIV infection risks, or both? A qualitative study of women's experiences in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: African Journal of AIDS Research
    A cross-sectional study was carried out at a programme to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) at a public antenatal clinic in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. The objectives were to obtain information from women concerning their reactions to HIV test results...
  9. Key determinants of AIDS impact in Southern sub-Saharan Africa

    Key determinants of AIDS impact in Southern sub-Saharan Africa

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: African Journal of AIDS Research
    To investigate why Southern sub-Saharan Africa is more severely impacted by HIV and AIDS than other parts of sub-Saharan Africa, I conducted a review of the literature that assessed viral, host and transmission (societal) factors. This narrative review evaluates: 1)...
  10. Cost-effectiveness analysis of infant feeding strategies to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in South Africa

    Cost-effectiveness analysis of infant feeding strategies to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in South Africa

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: African Journal of AIDS Research
    Despite increasing availability of perinatal interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV in South Africa, MTCT remains high due to breastfeeding. To inform policy decisions in the country, cost-effectiveness of alternative infant-feeding interventions was conducted. Mathematical modelling was used...