Articles by Author: Gary F Birkenmeier

Search results for Gary F Birkenmeier

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  1. Essential extensions with the <inline-graphic xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="tqma_a_1024186_ilg0001.gif"/>-extending property

    Essential extensions with the <inline-graphic xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="tqma_a_1024186_ilg0001.gif"/>-extending property

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Quaestiones Mathematicae
    Let be a nonempty subset of the set of submodules of a module M . Then M is called a -extending module if for each X in there exists a direct summand D of M such that X is essential...
  2. ESSENTIAL COVERS OF RADICAL CLASSES

    ESSENTIAL COVERS OF RADICAL CLASSES

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Quaestiones Mathematicae
    This paper is primarily a survey of the results on essential covers of radical classes of rings. Some problems are posed, and some new results are presented.
  3. Development and Validation of the Xhosa Translations of the Beck Inventories: 1. Challenges of the Translation Process

    Development and Validation of the Xhosa Translations of the Beck Inventories: 1. Challenges of the Translation Process

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Journal of Psychology in Africa
    This article describes the translation of the Beck Depression Inventory-II, the Beck Hopeless Scale, and the Beck Anxiety Inventory, into Xhosa the language spoken in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. The processes of translation, back-translation and committee discussion failed...
  4. Development and Validation of the Xhosa Translations of the Beck Inventories: 2. Item Analysis, Internal Consistency and Factor Analysis

    Development and Validation of the Xhosa Translations of the Beck Inventories: 2. Item Analysis, Internal Consistency and Factor Analysis

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Journal of Psychology in Africa
    The Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) were translated into Xhosa, a language widely spoken in South Africa to yield translated scales referred to as the XBDI-I (Xhosa BDI-II), the XBAI...
  5. Development and Validation of the Xhosa Translations of the Beck Inventories: 3. Concurrent and Convergent Validity

    Development and Validation of the Xhosa Translations of the Beck Inventories: 3. Concurrent and Convergent Validity

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Journal of Psychology in Africa
    This article provides data on the validity of the Xhosa versions of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (XBDI-II), the Beck Hopelessness Scale (XBHS) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (XBAI) based on a sample of 122 Xhosa respondents which included students and...
  6. Pre-emigration reflections: Afrikaans speakers moving to New Zealand

    Pre-emigration reflections: Afrikaans speakers moving to New Zealand

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies
    This article reports on the pre-emigration reflections of 15 Afrikaans speakers, all of whom were in the final stages of preparing to emigrate to New Zealand. The study explores the linguistic histories of the participants, their attitudes to their mother...
  7. Short Notes

    Short Notes

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology
  8. Handbook of HIV Medicine

    Handbook of HIV Medicine

    Item type: Journal Article • Journal: South African Family Practice