Original Articles

Job Characteristics That Influence the Career Success of Soldiers in the South African National Defence Force: An Analytical Review

Published in: Journal of Psychology in Africa
Volume 23, issue 2, 2013 , pages: 369–373
DOI: 10.1080/14330237.2013.10820639
Author(s): Nondlela DitselaStellenbosch Univerity, South Africa, Gideon Van DykStellenbosch Univerity, South Africa


Career success for solders is influenced by objective and subjective job qualities including their antecedents and mediators. This article considers the objective and subjective indicators of career success in the context of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF): achievement, satisfaction, mobility, organizational commitment and retention. Objective determinants of career success include the qualities of the physical environment, physical job demands on effort, typical job demands, role conflict and subjective occupational hazards and the organisational culture of the military. The subjective determinants that impact career success are psychological in nature, such as value conflict, job security and psychological contact. Outcomes for individuals vary as mediated by organizational culture, gender, period of service and education.

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