Original Articles

Alcohol Use, Problem Drinking and Health Risk Factors Among South African Youths

Published in: Journal of Psychology in Africa
Volume 22, issue 4, 2012 , pages: 671–676
DOI: 10.1080/14330237.2012.10820586
Author(s): Karl PeltzerHuman Sciences Research Council, South Africa, Shandir RamlaganHuman Sciences Research Council, South Africa, Mpho SatekgeHuman Sciences Research Council, South Africa

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of problem drinking among South African youth (18–24 years). A cross-sectional population-based household survey was conducted using a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling approach. The total sample included 3123 participants (age range 18–24 years, 45.4% women) from four of nine provinces in South Africa. Results indicate that current alcohol was relatively more common among male (40.7%) than female youths (21.3%). Similarly, hazardous or harmful drinking was more prevalent among males (24.3%) than among women (12.9%). In multivariable analyses among men and women high on sexually permissiveness had hazardous or harmful alcohol use. Lifestyle including high peer pressure, and spending more nights away in a week were associated with hazardous or harmful alcohol use.

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