Original Articles

Constructing a South African Hope Measure

Published in: Journal of Psychology in Africa
Volume 18, issue 1, 2008 , pages: 167–177
DOI: 10.1080/14330237.2008.10820183
Author(s): David J. F. MareeUniversity of Pretoria,, Marinda MareeUniversity of Pretoria,, Charmaine CollinsUniversity of Pretoria,


An instrument to assess levels of hope was developed. From a qualitative analysis of what students regarded as hope, items were constructed and a questionnaire was applied to 474 undergraduate social sciences students. The results were calibrated across gender and ethnic groups using item response theory, specifically Rasch analysis. Five unidimensional constructs were identified (goal achievement resources, ineffectuality, future vision, despondency, and self-efficacy) and compared to three instruments namely the Life Orientation Test Revised, Snyder's Adult Dispositional Hope Scale Items and Adult State Hope Scale to find support for construct validity. Adequate item invariance across gender and ethnic groups were found, as well as good item and person separation and item fit.

Get new issue alerts for Journal of Psychology in Africa