Original Articles

Psychological Well-Being and the Metabolic Syndrome in African and Caucasian Women in South Africa

Published in: Journal of Psychology in Africa
Volume 17, issue 1-2, 2007 , pages: 85–92
DOI: 10.1080/14330237.2007.10820149
Author(s): Elsabé M. BothaNorth-West University, South Africa, Marié P. WissingNorth-West University, South Africa, Suria M. EllisNorth-West University, South Africa, Hester H VorsterNorth-West University, South Africa

Abstract

This study explored the association between comprehensive psychological well-being and the metabolic syndrome (MS), as well as whether women without MS markers differ significantly from women with MS (three or more markers) on specific facets of psychological well-being. African (N=102) and Caucasian (N=115) women completed self-report questionnaires on psychological well-being, and biological markers for MS were determined. Results indicated a significant association between comprehensive psychological well-being and the MS in Caucasian women, but not in the case of African women. Caucasian women without MS had higher levels of perceived support from friends and family, environmental mastery, purpose in life, sense of coherence, affect balance and positive relationships than those with MS. African women without MS had higher levels of positive relationships and an optimistic explanatory style, but lower levels of perceived support from family. Further research is indicated.

Get new issue alerts for Journal of Psychology in Africa