Original Articles

REVERSED VERTICAL MIGRATION OF PLANKTONIC CRUSTACEANS IN A EUTROPHIC LAKE OF HIGH pH


Abstract

Two studies of the diel vertical migration of zooplankton in the hyper-eutrophic Hartbeespoort Dam, revealed that both in summer when the lake was anaerobic below 15 m depth, and in winter, when homogeneous, aerobic conditions existed throughout the water column, a major portion of the zooplankton standing crop displayed a reversed migration tendency. The clado-cerans Daphnia pulex and D. longispina, and the copepod Thermo-cyclops oblongatus were the species involved. There was no evidence to sugest that interspecific interference, a phenomenon recently found to have caused reversed vertical migration in the rotifer Asplanchna priodonta, was responsible for the unusual movements recorded in the present study, since the species concerned were by far the total biomass and size dominants of the population.

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