Original Articles

THE LIMNOLOGY OF SOME SOUTH AFRICAN IMPOUNDMENTS I. THE PHYSICO-CHEMICAL LIMNOLOGY OF HARTBEESPOORT DAM

DOI: 10.1080/03779688.1977.9633135
Author(s): W.E. Scott, South Africa, M.T. Seaman, South Africa, A.D. Connell, South Africa, S.I. Kohlmeyer, South Africa, D.F. Toerien, South Africa

Abstract

Hartbeespoort Dam is a eutrophic, warm monomictic lake with overturn occurring in April. The lake is stratified for about six months of the year and in late summer the stratification appears stable. Light penetration in the dam depends both on the inflow of turbid water as well as on the magnitude of the algal population. In summer the surface waters are often super-saturated with oxygen, whilst the hype limnion is anaerobic. The concentrations of nitrogen compounds, phosphate, Na, K, Ca, CI and SO4 are higher in waters entering the dam via the Crocodile River. Nitrogen compounds arc the primary growth-limiting nutrients for algal growth and phosphate is the secondary growth-limiting nutrient. Phosphate concentrations in the water have increased approximately a hundredfold since 1928 and NO3 −N concentrations about threefold. The pH as well as the mineral content of the dam have also increased over the last 50 years.

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