Research Article

The effects of cluster collaboration and the utilization of big data on business performance: A research based on the expansion of open innovation and social capital

DOI: 10.1080/20421338.2021.1925394
Author(s): Joon-ho Kim, Republic of Korea, Yae-ri Kim, Republic of Korea, Seung-hye Jung, Republic of Korea, Hyun-ju Choi, Republic of Korea, June-hyuk Kwon, Republic of Korea

Abstract

This study examines the influence of firm cluster collaboration and the utilization of big data on the expansion of open innovation. We also investigate the effect of open innovation on business performance and test the moderating effect of social capital. We surveyed 409 global firms (193 large enterprises and 216 medium enterprises) located in Asia, Europe, North America, and Africa over a one-month period. We limited the scope of the survey to employees working at the level of team leader (or executive) or above in the R&D department. This study used SmartPLS (Version 3.3.3) to perform the statistical analysis. Our results indicated that, first, corporate cluster collaboration had a positive effect on the expansion of open innovation. Second, firm use of big data had a positive effect on the expansion of open innovation. Third, firm expansion of open innovation had a positive effect on business performance (market and financial performance). Fourth, in the relationship between cluster collaboration and open innovation expansion, social capital had a negative moderating effect. This research proved that cluster collaboration and big data could accelerate open innovation, ultimately improving business performance. However, there are limitations regarding SEM analysis.

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