Research Article

Structural equation modelling of risk indicators for suicidal thoughts and behaviours among Nigerian Yorùbá youth


Abstract

In the past, suicide was considered as an abomination among the Yorùbás, yet it was also perceived as an acceptable and honourable way to escape dishonour, indignity, or shame. This study investigated psychosocial and personal risk indicators for suicidal thoughts and behaviours among Yorùbá youths in Nigeria. Data were collected from 1 986 participants (female = 47.3%; mean age = 21.5 years, SD = 12.89 years) from six states in Southwest Nigeria. Structural Equation Modelling results showed latent psychosocial risk factors to be associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviours through a sense of hopelessness. Younger generation Yorùbás may share a different perspective from the traditionalist view. This may be the reason for the frequent occurrences of suicide in such a highly cultural-bound ethnic group. Culture specific prevention interventions may ameliorate suicide risk in this vulnerable youth population.

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