Brief Report

Urban birds in the Eastern Cape: local observations from Makhanda (Grahamstown) and future questions

DOI: 10.2989/00306525.2020.1816585
Author(s): Adrian JFK Craig, South Africa, Patrick E Hulley, South Africa, R Lorraine G Mullins, South Africa


In Makhanda (Grahamstown), a non-industrial town with approximately 85 000 inhabitants, we have recorded 174 bird species within the urban area, of which 104 species are likely to breed regularly. The source habitats of these birds include all the surrounding habitat types, and the bird community is evidently determined by both local conditions within the town (e.g. tree density) and regional changes affecting the eastern coast of South Africa (range shifts). Topics meriting future research on urban bird communities in South Africa are highlighted.

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