Research Article

Physiological stress response and recovery of an important estuarine fishery species, dusky kob Argyrosomus japonicus, after a simulated catch-and-release event

DOI: 10.2989/1814232X.2020.1801505
Author(s): NK Arkert, South Africa, A-R Childs, South Africa, MI Duncan, South Africa, M Farthing, South Africa, WM Potts, South Africa

Abstract

Catch and release (C&R) angling is a popular pastime the world over; however, studies have found that fish can experience considerable stress during a C&R event. To determine the effect of a C&R event on angled fishes, the physiological stress response (PSR) is often assessed. However, the peak PSR only occurs after a delay and is species-specific. The dusky kob Argyrosomus japonicus is a threatened species that is heavily exploited in South African estuarine fisheries. Given its collapsed-stock status, it is critical to understand the effects of C&R angling on the PSR of this species. The aim of this study was to plot the time-course of the PSR of A. japonicus to determine when the peak PSR occurs. Time had a significant effect on blood lactate (p < 0.05) and glucose (p < 0.05) levels, with both peaking 30–40 minutes after a stressor, but time did not have a significant effect on plasma cortisol levels (p > 0.05). Blood lactate and glucose levels reached recovery by 150 minutes. The results suggest that blood sampling should be done 30–40 minutes after a stressor, and although A. japonicus is able to recover quickly from a C&R event, its delayed PSR may render it vulnerable to post-release predation.

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