Intervention targets for people living with HIV and depressive symptoms in Botswana

Published in: African Journal of AIDS Research
Volume 19, issue 1, 2020 , pages: 80–88
DOI: 10.2989/16085906.2020.1727933
Author(s): Boitumelo VavaniPsychology Department, Botswana, Vivian KraaijClinical Psychology, Netherlands, Philip SpinhovenClinical Psychology, Netherlands, Kennedy Amone-P’OlakDepartment of Psychology, South Africa, Nadia GarnefskiPsychology Department, Botswana


Background: The prevalence of HIV in Botswana is high. Many people living with HIV (PLWH) suffer from depressive symptoms and have inadequate coping skills. Most PLWH do not receive adequate psychological treatment. Empirically based interventions for PLWH with depressive symptoms in Botswana should be developed, with a focus on improving coping skills. The present study was a first step towards this goal, by trying to identify targets for intervention. The study aimed to provide prevalence rates of depression among PLWH in Botswana, to assess their mental health treatment needs and wishes as expressed by themselves, and to study the relationships between cognitive and behavioural coping strategies and depressive symptoms.

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