Iron deficiency in South African children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Published in: Journal of Child & Adolescent Mental Health
Volume 31, issue 2, 2019 , pages: 85–92
DOI: 10.2989/17280583.2019.1637345
Author(s): Luzuko MagulaDepartment of Psychiatry, South Africa, Karis MoxleyDepartment of Psychiatry, South Africa, Anusha LachmanDepartment of Psychiatry, South Africa


Objective: Iron deficiency may play a role in the pathophysiology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by causing dopamine dysfunction, but there is conflicting evidence in the literature regarding this relationship. This study investigates the possible correlation between iron deficiency and ADHD in children and adolescents attending a South African child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient service.

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