Original Article

How relevant are Hofstede’s dimensions for inter-cultural studies? A replication of Hofstede’s research among current international business students

Published in:
Volume 5, issue 2, 2015 , pages: 187–198
DOI: 10.2989/RHM.2015.5.2.10.1283
Author(s): Klaes EringaStenden Hotel Management School, Stenden University of Applied Sciences, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands, Laura N. CaudronStenden Hotel Management School, Stenden University of Applied Sciences, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands, Kathrin RieckStenden Hotel Management School, Stenden University of Applied Sciences, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands, Fei XieStenden Hotel Management School, Stenden University of Applied Sciences, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands, Tobias GerhardtStenden Hotel Management School, Stenden University of Applied Sciences, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands, ,

Abstract

In the present study the cultural dimensions of the well known Dutch researcher Geert Hofstede were tested on a sample of
international business students. The sample consisted of 1 033 students from the Netherlands, Germany, China, South Africa
and Qatar. The findings of the present research contest many of Hofstede’s original findings. The dimensions power distance
and long-term orientation show significant differences with Hofstede’s original country values. The dimensions individualism,
masculinity and uncertainty avoidance show significant differences for half of the countries. No significant differences were
found between male and female students. The results show– if anything – that Hofstede seems to be right with his warning to
be careful with relatively small samples. Or, it might be that cultures are less stable after all.

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