Original Articles

A preliminary survey of viruses in pasture grasses in South Africa

DOI: 10.1080/02566702.1992.9648314
Author(s): SarahN. Salm, Republic of South Africa, M.E. Christine ReyDepartment of Microbiology,

Abstract

Little work has been done in South Africa on the incidence of viruses in pasture grasses. The aim of this work was to carry out a survey of virus infections of some of the economically‐important pasture grasses in South Africa. Twelve winter and summer pasture grass species and one cereal forage crop species were collected from six different regions in early, mid‐ and late winter and summer. Plants were tested for virus(es) by means of symptomatology, transmission, dot‐blot immunoassays, Ouchterlony tests and electron microscopy. Serological tests indicate that Avena sativa from Roodeplaat and Bromus unioloides from Potchefstroom, Cedara and Nooitgedacht are positive for maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV). Lolium multiflorum from Cedara appears to be infected with two viruses, brome mosaic virus (BMV) and a potyvirus‐like agent, possibly ryegrass mosaic virus (RMV).

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