Original Articles

Kouebeskadiging van houtagtige plante in die Suuragtige‐Gemengde Bosveld

DOI: 10.1080/02566702.1990.9648231
Author(s): G.N. SmitDepartementLandbou‐ontwikkeling (Transvaalstreek), Republiek van Suid‐Afrika

Abstract

Cold damage to woody plants in the Sourish Mixed Bushveld. An incident of damage to woody plants by cold in the Sourish Mixed Bushveld was investigated. Woody plants in eight paddocks which were subjected to long‐term grazing treatments and which gave rise to different tree densities, were examined. The most common form of damage was top kill, and these plants subsequently coppiced from the base. Four woody species, namely Dichrostachys cinerea (the dominant woody species in the area), Acacia nilotica, A. gerrardii and A. robusta were severely damaged by the cold. The greatest effect was on trees in a certain height range; 1,0–3,0 m in the case of D. cinerea and 0,5–2,0 m in the case of the Acacia species. There was a negative curvilinear relationship between the number of trees larger than 2,0 m per hectare and the percentage damage. In paddocks where the tree density was relatively low the number of tree equivalents (equivalents of a tree 1,5 m high) was reduced by as much as 30%.

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