African Journal of Range & Forage Science

ISSN: 1022-0119 (Print)
            1727-9380 (Online)
Publication frequency: 4 issues per year

Impact Factor: 0.879 (2017)
5-year Impact Factor: 1.138 (2017)

Accredited with the DHET (SAPSE)

Official publication of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa

Co-published with Taylor & FrancisClick here for Open Access options on this journal

Aims & Scope

The African Journal of Range & Forage Science is the leading rangeland and pastoral journal in Africa. The Journal is dedicated to publishing quality original material that advances rangeland ecology and pasture management. The journal aims to publish research of international importance from any region, but as an African journal, we are particularly interested in research from Africa and relevant to the continent. The Journal promotes both science and its application and authors are encouraged to explicitly identify the practical implications of their work. Peer-reviewed research papers and research notes deal primarily with all aspects of rangeland and pasture ecology and management, including the ecophysiology and biogeochemistry of rangelands and pastures, terrestrial plant–herbivore interactions (both domestic and wild), rangeland assessment and monitoring, effects of climate change on rangelands, rangeland and pasture management, rangeland rehabilitation, ecosystem services in support of production, conservation and biodiversity goals, and the identification and development of intensive and semi-intensive pasture and forage resources to meet livestock production needs. Articles highlighting transdisciplinary linkages among biophysical and social sciences that support management, policy and societal values are particularly encouraged.  The Journal includes relevant book reviews and invited perspectives that contribute to the development of range and forage science. Letters to the editor that debate issues raised in the Journal are acceptable. The African Journal of Range & Forage Science is the official journal of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa.




Dr Pieter A Swanepoel

Stellenbosch University, South Africa


Freyni du Toit
Grassland Society of Southern Africa, South Africa

Associate Editors

Dr Clement Adjorlolo, Natural Resources Governance NEPAD Agency, South Africa
Dr Andrew Ainslie, University of Reading, United Kingdom
Prof Serkan Ates, Oregon State University, United States of America
Dr Lindsay Bell, CSIRO Agriculture, Australia
Dr Casper Crous, SAEON Arid Zones Node, South Africa 
Dr C J Lindeque du Toit, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Dr Abubeker Hassen, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Dr Debbie Jewitt, Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife, South Africa
Dr Chris S Jones, International Livestock Research Institute, Ethiopia
Mr Craig D Morris, Agricultural Research Institute, South Africa
Dr Patrick J O’Farrell, CSIR, Natural Resources and the Environment, South Africa
Dr M Igshaan Samuels, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa
Dr Pieter A Swanepoel, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Dr Liz (E) A Trenchard, Coventry University, United Kingdom
Prof Wayne C Twine, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Dr Corli Wigley-Coetsee, South Africa National Parks, South Africa

Book Reviews Editor

Craig Morris, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa

Administrative Office

African Journal of Range & Forage Science
PO Box 41, Hilton, Pietermaritzburg 3245, South Africa
Telephone: +27 (0)49 842 4335
Telefax: +27 (0)86 622 7576

Manuscript Submission

All manuscripts presented in accordance with instructions to authors (printed in the back of each issue) should be submitted online at the African Journal of Range & Forage Science ScholarOne Manuscripts site (

Editorial Advisory Panel

Dr Nicky Allsopp, SAEON Fynbos Node, South Africa
Dr James E Bennett, Coventry University, United Kingdom
Dr Wellington N Ekaya, Biosciences eastern and central Africa – International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub, Kenya
Prof Iain Gordon, James Cook University, Australia
Mr C Richard Hurt, Kiwiflora Nurseries, New Zealand
Prof Graham I H Kerley, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University
Prof Kevin P Kirkman, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Prof Nkobi M Moleele, RESILIM - Resilience in the Limpopo River Basin, Botswana
Mr Craig D Morris, Agricultural Research Institute, South Africa
Dr Anthony R Palmer, Agricultural Research Institute, South Africa
Mr Michael D Panagos, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Prof Elly N Sabiiti, Makerere University, Uganda
Prof Peter F Scogings, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Dr Susanne Vetter, Rhodes University, South Africa

Publishing Manager

Contact regarding all aspects relating to the production of the journal, including scheduling and copyright issues:

Mike Schramm
NISC (Pty) Ltd
4 Speke Street
PO Box 377
Grahamstown 6140
South Africa

Tel: +27 (0)46 622 9698
Fax: +27 (0)46 622 9550

Published in association with the Grassland Society of Southern Africa:

Membership to the Society is open to all interested persons. Membership rates and information on the Society can be obtained from the Administrator, Ms Freyni du Toit — Tel: +27 (0)49 842 4335, e-mail:

Further information on the Grassland Society of Southern Africa can be found at

Latest Issue

Volume 35, Issue 2, 2018

Research Article

Predictive modelling of the potential future distribution of Vachellia nilotica within the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa
Author(s): Janet TaylorNatural Resources Section, KwaZulu-Natal Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, South Africa, Nico SmitDepartment of Animal, Wildlife and Grassland Sciences, South Africa, Debbie JewittBiodiversity Research and Assessment, Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife, South Africa
Pages: 73–80
Effects of seasonal variation, group size and sex on the activity budget and diet composition of the addax antelope
Author(s): Hicham SeriLaboratoire d’Elevage et de la Faune Sauvage, Tunisia, Mohsen ChammemLaboratoire d’Elevage et de la Faune Sauvage, Tunisia, Luis MM FerreiraCITAB-Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environment and Biological Sciences, Portugal, Marwa KechnebouLaboratoire d’Elevage et de la Faune Sauvage, Tunisia, Touhami KhorchaniLaboratoire d’Elevage et de la Faune Sauvage, Tunisia, Severiano R SilvaCECAV-Animal Science Department, Portugal
Pages: 89–100
Seasonal changes in pasture biomass and grazing behaviour of cattle in the Guinea Savanna agroecological zone of Ghana
Author(s): Maxwell AkapaliDepartment of Animal Science, Ghana, Terry AnsahDepartment of Animal Science, Ghana, Ibn Iddriss Abdul-RahmanDepartment of Animal Science, Ghana, Benjamin AlenyoregeDepartment of Animal Science, Ghana, Bernard N BaatuuwieDepartment of Forestry and Forest Resources Management, Ghana
Pages: 101–108
Tiller population dynamics in eight cultivars of elephant grass during undisturbed growth
Author(s): José A RuedaLicenciatura en Zootecnia, Mexico, Eusebio Ortega-JiménezColegio de Postgraduados, Mexico, Javier F Enríquez-QuirozCampo Experimental “La Posta”, Mexico, Rogelio E Palacios-TorresLicenciatura en Zootecnia, Mexico, Sergio Ramírez-OrdoñesLicenciatura en Zootecnia, Mexico
Pages: 109–119
Silages in the form of diet based on spineless cactus and buffelgrass
Author(s): Alberto Jefferson da Silva MacêdoDepartment of Animal Science, Brazil, Edson Mauro SantosDepartment of Animal Science, Brazil, Gherman Garcia Leal de AraújoEmbrapa Semi-arid, Brazil, Ricardo Loiola EdvanDepartment of Animal Science, Brazil, Juliana Silva de OliveiraDepartment of Animal Science, Brazil, Alexandre Fernandes PerazzoDepartment of Animal Science, Brazil, Wilma Cristina Cavalcante dos Santos SáDepartment of Animal Science, Brazil, Danillo Marte PereiraDepartment of Animal Science, Brazil
Pages: 121–129

Research Note

Degradability of amino acids in selected legume forages using the in situ nylon-bag technique
Author(s): Simbarashe KatsandeDepartment of Animal Science, South Africa, Joseph J BaloyiDepartment of Animal Science, South Africa, Florence V Nherera-ChokudaAgriculture Research Council–Animal Production and Animal Health, South Africa, Nobbert T NgongoniFaculty of Agriculture, Zimbabwe, Jacob GushaDepartment of Paraclinical Veterinary Studies, Zimbabwe, Gift MatopeDepartment of Paraclinical Veterinary Studies, Zimbabwe, Plaxedis I ZvinorovaDepartment of Paraclinical Veterinary Studies, Zimbabwe
Pages: 131–135


Identifying phenological functional types in savanna trees
Author(s): Nthambeleni D MasiaCouncil for Scientific and Industrial Research, Natural Resources and the Environment, South Africa, Nicola StevensGlobal Change and Biodiversity Group, Department of Botany and Zoology, South Africa, Sally ArchibaldCouncil for Scientific and Industrial Research, Natural Resources and the Environment, South Africa
Pages: 81–88
Essential oil composition of Pentzia incana (Asteraceae), an important natural pasture plant in the Karoo region of South Africa
Author(s): Isabel M HulleyDepartment of Botany and Plant Biotechnology, South Africa, Nicholas J SadgroveDepartment of Botany and Plant Biotechnology, South Africa, Patricia M TilneyDepartment of Botany and Plant Biotechnology, South Africa, Gulmira ÖzekDepartment of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Turkey, Suleyman YurMedicinal Plant, Drug and Scientific Research Center, Turkey, Temel ÖzekDepartment of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Turkey, Kemal Hüsnü Can BaşerDepartment of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Northern Cyprus, Ben-Erik van WykDepartment of Botany and Plant Biotechnology, South Africa
Pages: 137–145

Book Review

The Illustrated Dictionary of Southern African Plant Names
Author(s): Elsa PooleyFlora and Fauna Publications Trust, South Africa
Pages: 147–148
National Park Science: a Century of Research in South Africa
Author(s): Simon PooleyDepartment of Geography, United Kingdom
Pages: 148–150


Instructions for Authors

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Author FAQ


Instructions for Authors

The Journal publishes peer-reviewed Research Papers, Research Notes, Reviews and Commentaries dealing with topics related to range and forage science that contribute to the discipline in an African context. Papers may report the results of a specific investigation, may be speculative in nature, or may review the literature and trends in a particular field. Invited Book Reviews and Letters to the Editor are also published. Further information on the Types of Manuscripts published is available for download below. Page charges of ZAR225 (for African contributors, excl. VAT for South Africa) or USD40 (for other contributors) per page are levied. Page charges are waived for corresponding authors who are Grassland Society of Southern Africa members (with a journal subscription) and for Book Reviews and Letters to the Editor.

Editorial policy: Contributions must conform to the principles outlined in Ethical Considerations in Research Publication available for download below. Submission of a manuscript implies that the material has not previously been published, nor is it being submitted elsewhere for publication. Submission of a manuscript will be taken to imply transfer of copyright of the material to the publishers, NISC. Contributions are accepted on the understanding that the authors have the authority for publication. Material accepted for publication in this Journal may not be reprinted or published in translation without the express permission of the publishers, NISC. The final decision to accept a manuscript rests with the Editor-in-Chief.

Presentation: Before submitting a manuscript authors should peruse a recent issue of the Journal for format and style. Manuscripts must be written in clear English (UK style). Typescripts not prepared according to our instructions will be returned to authors for revision before they are sent to referees. Manuscripts and figures must be submitted in electronic form.

Manuscripts: Manuscripts should be prepared using Microsoft Word (font Arial or Times New Roman, 12 pt) in A4 format with 1.5 line spacing without columns. Number all pages sequentially, including the title page and those containing the references, figure captions and tables. All submissions should be made online at the African Journal of Range & Forage Science ScholarOne Manuscripts site. New users should first create an account. Once a user is logged onto the site submissions should be made via the Author Centre. Authors should prepare and upload two versions of their manuscript. One should be a complete text, while in the second all document information identifying the author should be removed from files to allow them to be sent anonymously to referees. When uploading files authors will then be able to define the non-anonymous version as ‘File not for review’.

Statistical analyses: Pseudoreplication should be recognised and treated accordingly. Test results must be reported in full, not p-values alone. Measures of variation and probability should be reported to one decimal place more than the respective means and test statistics.

Manuscript format: The manuscript should be arranged using the following order:
Title page — (a) Title: This should be brief, sufficiently informative for retrieval by automatic searching techniques, and should contain important keywords. Names of taxa are to be used without author citations. (b) Author(s): Corresponding author must be indicated. (c) Address(es) of author(s): The authors’ respective addresses where the work was done must be indicated. The address for an author for correspondence (if different) must be indicated. An e-mail address for the corresponding author must be provided.
Abstract page — (a) Abstract: This must be a concise statement of the scope of the work and the principal findings. It must not exceed 200 words. It should summarise the information presented in the paper but should not include references. (b) Key words: Up to five additional index words or phrases, not included in the title, must be listed alphabetically.
Main text — The Introduction should outline the problem in general and clearly state the study objectives. References to previous work are only desirable if they have direct bearing on the subject of the paper. A detailed review of the literature is usually inappropriate. Typically the intermediate sections will be Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions and Acknowledgements (including funding sources and names of pre-submission reviewers). Perspective papers may have different headings, while Research Notes, Letters and Book Reviews should have no headings.
References — References to literature within an article must be arranged chronologically. References to works by more than two authors should be abbreviated with et al. The list of references at the end of the article must be arranged alphabetically and titles must appear exactly as in the originals. Refer to Reference Exemplars for Authors available for download below:

Bell RHV. 1982. The effect of soil nutrient availability on community structure in African ecosystems. In: Huntley BJ, Walker BH (eds), Ecology of tropical savannas. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp 193–216.

Hoffman MT, Cowling RM. 1990. Desertification in the lower Sundays River Valley, South Africa. Journal of Arid Environments 19: 105–117.

Leng RA. 1986. Drought feeding strategies: theory and practice. Armidale: Penambul Books.

Tables — Each table must be accompanied by an appropriate standalone caption. Data may not be presented in both tabular and graphical form. Tables must be formatted to fit the page vertically with a printed width of either 80 mm or 175 mm. Tables may include up to five horizontal lines but no vertical lines.
Figures — Ensure figures conform to the journal style. Pay particular attention to line thickness, font and figure proportions, taking into account the journal’s printed page size. Costs of redrawing figures may be charged. Please refer to Figure Guidelines for Authors: format, style and technical considerations available for download below. For digital photographs or scanned images the resolution should be at least 300 dpi for colour or greyscale artwork and a minimum of 600 dpi for black line drawings. These can be saved (in order of preference) in PSD, JPEG, PDF or EPS format. Graphs, charts or maps can be saved in AI, PDF or EPS format. MS Office files (Word, Powerpoint, Excel) are also acceptable but DO NOT EMBED Excel graphs or Powerpoint slides in a MS Word document, rather send the original Excel or Powerpoint files. More detailed technical information is given in Figure Guidelines for Authors. Illustrations can be reproduced in colour, but only when essential, and subject to approval by the Editor-in-Chief. Non-essential use of colour will be charged at ZAR900 (excl. VAT) per page for African contributors and USD150 per page for contributors from elsewhere.

Referees: Before submitting a manuscript authors are advised to have their work reviewed by colleagues in the same field of research. This should be reflected in the Acknowledgements. After submission all manuscripts are critically reviewed by at least two referees on whose advice the Editor-in-Chief accepts or rejects contributions, or returns the manuscript to authors for revision.

Electronic reprints: Authors will be notified by e-mail when their article is available for download from the journal website.

Open access: The Journal is a hybrid journal which allows authors the option of publishing their article Open Access for a set fee. Further details are given on the Open Access at NISC page. 



Instructions for Authors

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Types of Manuscripts

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Figure Guidelines for Authors

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Figure FAQs

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