African Journal of Range & Forage Science

ISSN: 1022-0119 (Print)
            1727-9380 (Online)
Publication frequency: 4 issues per year

Impact Factor: 0.879 (2017)
5-year Impact Factor: 1.138 (2017)

Accredited with the DHET (SAPSE)

Official publication of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa

Co-published with Taylor & FrancisClick here for Open Access options on this journal

Aims & Scope

The African Journal of Range & Forage Science is the leading rangeland and pastoral journal in Africa. The Journal is dedicated to publishing quality original material that advances rangeland ecology and pasture management. The journal aims to publish research of international importance from any region, but as an African journal, we are particularly interested in research from Africa and relevant to the continent. The Journal promotes both science and its application and authors are encouraged to explicitly identify the practical implications of their work. Peer-reviewed research papers and research notes deal primarily with all aspects of rangeland and pasture ecology and management, including the ecophysiology and biogeochemistry of rangelands and pastures, terrestrial plant–herbivore interactions (both domestic and wild), rangeland assessment and monitoring, effects of climate change on rangelands, rangeland and pasture management, rangeland rehabilitation, ecosystem services in support of production, conservation and biodiversity goals, and the identification and development of intensive and semi-intensive pasture and forage resources to meet livestock production needs. Articles highlighting transdisciplinary linkages among biophysical and social sciences that support management, policy and societal values are particularly encouraged.  The Journal includes relevant book reviews and invited perspectives that contribute to the development of range and forage science. Letters to the editor that debate issues raised in the Journal are acceptable. The African Journal of Range & Forage Science is the official journal of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa.

 

Editors

Editor-in-Chief

Dr Pieter A Swanepoel

Stellenbosch University, South Africa

Administrator

Freyni du Toit
Grassland Society of Southern Africa, South Africa

Associate Editors


Dr Clement Adjorlolo, Natural Resources Governance NEPAD Agency, South Africa
Dr Andrew Ainslie, University of Reading, United Kingdom
Prof Serkan Ates, Oregon State University, United States of America
Dr Lindsay Bell, CSIRO Agriculture, Australia
Dr Casper Crous, SAEON Arid Zones Node, South Africa 
Dr C J Lindeque du Toit, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Dr Abubeker Hassen, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Dr Debbie Jewitt, Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife, South Africa
Dr Chris S Jones, International Livestock Research Institute, Ethiopia
Dr Mounir Louhaichi, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Jordan
Mr Craig D Morris, Agricultural Research Institute, South Africa
Dr Patrick J O’Farrell, CSIR, Natural Resources and the Environment, South Africa
Dr M Igshaan Samuels, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa
Dr Liz (E) A Trenchard, Coventry University, United Kingdom
Prof Wayne C Twine, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Dr Corli Wigley-Coetsee, South Africa National Parks, South Africa

 

Book Reviews Editor

Craig Morris, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa

Administrative Office

African Journal of Range & Forage Science
PO Box 41, Hilton, Pietermaritzburg 3245, South Africa
e-mail: journal@grassland.org.za
Telephone: +27 (0)49 842 4335
Telefax: +27 (0)86 622 7576

Manuscript Submission

All manuscripts presented in accordance with instructions to authors (printed in the back of each issue) should be submitted online at the African Journal of Range & Forage Science ScholarOne Manuscripts site (http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/tarf).

Editorial Advisory Panel

Dr James E Bennett, Coventry University, United Kingdom
Dr Wellington N Ekaya, Biosciences eastern and central Africa – International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub, Kenya
Mr C Richard Hurt, Kiwiflora Nurseries, New Zealand
Prof Graham I H Kerley, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University
Prof Kevin P Kirkman, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Prof Nkobi M Moleele, RESILIM - Resilience in the Limpopo River Basin, Botswana
Mr Craig D Morris, Agricultural Research Institute, South Africa
Dr Anthony R Palmer, Agricultural Research Institute, South Africa
Prof Elly N Sabiiti, Makerere University, Uganda
Prof Peter F Scogings, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Dr Susanne Vetter, Rhodes University, South Africa

Publishing Manager

Contact regarding all aspects relating to the production of the journal, including scheduling and copyright issues:

Mike Schramm
NISC (Pty) Ltd
4 Speke Street
PO Box 377
Grahamstown 6140
South Africa

Tel: +27 (0)46 622 9698
Fax: +27 (0)46 622 9550
e-mail: publishing@nisc.co.za

Published in association with the Grassland Society of Southern Africa:

Membership to the Society is open to all interested persons. Membership rates and information on the Society can be obtained from the Administrator, Ms Freyni du Toit — Tel: +27 (0)49 842 4335, e-mail: admin@grassland.org.za.

Further information on the Grassland Society of Southern Africa can be found at http://www.grassland.org.za/

Latest Issue

Volume 35, Issue 3-4, 2018

Introduction

Introduction to the Karoo Special Issue: Trajectories of Change in the Anthropocene
Author(s): Joh R HenschelSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa, M Timm HoffmanPlant Conservation Unit, Department of Biological Sciences, South Africa, Cherryl WalkerDepartment of Sociology and Social Anthropology, South Africa
Pages: 151–156

Review Article

Drivers and trajectories of social and ecological change in the Karoo, South Africa
Author(s): Cherryl WalkerDepartment of Sociology and Social Anthropology, South Africa, Suzanne J MiltonWolwekraal Conservation and Research Organisation, South Africa, Tim G O’ConnorSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa, Judy M Maguireunaffiliated, South Africa, W Richard J DeanWolwekraal Conservation and Research Organisation, South Africa
Pages: 157–177
Linear structures in the Karoo, South Africa, and their impacts on biota
Author(s): W Richard J DeanFitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, Department of Biological Sciences, South Africa, Colleen L SeymourFitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, Department of Biological Sciences, South Africa, Grant S JosephFitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, Department of Biological Sciences, South Africa
Pages: 223–232
Reflections, applications and future directions of Long-Term Ecological Research at Tierberg
Author(s): Gina ArenaSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa, Helga van der MerweSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa, Simon W ToddSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa, Marco J PauwSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa, Suzanne J MiltonSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa, W Richard J DeanSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa, Joh R HenschelSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa
Pages: 257–265
Biological soil crusts of the Succulent Karoo: a review
Author(s): Bettina WeberMax Planck Institute for Chemistry, Germany, Alexandra TammMax Planck Institute for Chemistry, Germany, Stefanie MaierMax Planck Institute for Chemistry, Germany, Emilio Rodríguez-CaballeroDepartment of Desertification and Geo-Ecology, Experimental Station of Arid Zones (EEZA-CSIC), Spain
Pages: 335–350

Research Article

Before the Anthropocene: human pasts in Karoo landscapes
Author(s): David MorrisMcGregor Museum, South Africa
Pages: 179–190
Long-term changes in land use, land cover and vegetation in the Karoo drylands of South Africa: implications for degradation monitoring
Author(s): M Timm HoffmanDepartment of Biological Sciences, South Africa, Andrew SkownoSouth African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa, Wesley BellDepartment of Biological Sciences, South Africa, Samukele MasheleDepartment of Biological Sciences, South Africa
Pages: 209–221
By their own bootstraps: municipal commonage farmers as an emerging agrarian class in the Karoo
Author(s): Doreen AtkinsonDepartment of Development Studies, South Africa, Mark IngleDepartment of Development Studies, South Africa
Pages: 233–243
Spatial, temporal and attitudinal dimensions of conflict between predators and small-livestock farmers in the Central Karoo
Author(s): Marine DrouillyInstitute for Communities and Wildlife in Africa, Department of Biological Sciences, South Africa, Marion TafaniInstitute for Communities and Wildlife in Africa, Department of Biological Sciences, South Africa, Nicoli NattrassInstitute for Communities and Wildlife in Africa, Department of Biological Sciences, South Africa, Justin O’RiainInstitute for Communities and Wildlife in Africa, Department of Biological Sciences, South Africa
Pages: 245–255
Interactions of grazing and rainfall on vegetation at Grootfontein in the eastern Karoo
Author(s): Justin CO du ToitPasture Research, Grootfontein Agricultural Development Institute, South Africa, Tshililo RamaswielaSouth African Environmental Observation Network, South Africa, Marco J PauwSouth African Environmental Observation Network, South Africa, Tim G O’ConnorSouth African Environmental Observation Network, South Africa
Pages: 267–276
Long-term impacts of livestock grazing and browsing in the Succulent Karoo: a 20-year study of vegetation change under different grazing regimes in Namaqualand
Author(s): Elelwani NenzheleleDepartment of Biological Sciences, South Africa, Simon W ToddSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa, M Timm HoffmanPlant Conservation Unit, Department of Biological Sciences, South Africa
Pages: 277–287
Long-term vegetation change (>20 years) in the plains habitat on the Goegap Nature Reserve, Succulent Karoo, South Africa
Author(s): Margaretha W van RooyenDepartment of Plant and Soil Sciences, South Africa, Annelise le RouxCapeNature, Assegaaibosch Nature Reserve, South Africa, Helga van der MerweSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa, Noel van RooyenPrivate, South Africa, Conrad GeldenhuysEnvironment and Nature Conservation, South Africa
Pages: 289–302
Vegetation responses to seasonal weather conditions and decreasing grazing pressure in the arid Succulent Karoo of South Africa
Author(s): Ute SchmiedelInstitute for Plant Science and Microbiology, Germany, Jens OldelandInstitute for Plant Science and Microbiology, Germany
Pages: 303–310
Effects of short-term intensive trampling on Karoo vegetation
Author(s): Jeannine McManusLandmark Foundation, South Africa, Stefan A GoetsLandmark Foundation, South Africa, William J BondDepartment of Biological Sciences, South Africa, Joh R HenschelSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa, Bool SmutsLandmark Foundation, South Africa, Suzanne J MiltonSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa
Pages: 311–318
Web spider abundance is affected by sheep farming in the Karoo
Author(s): Joh R HenschelSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa, Yael LubinJacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Pages: 319–324
Variation in mammal species richness and relative abundance in the Karoo
Author(s): Zoë WoodgateInstitute for Communities and Wildlife in Africa, Department of Biological Sciences, South Africa, Greg DistillerStatistics in Ecology, Environment and Conservation, Department of Statistical Science, South Africa, Justin O’RiainInstitute for Communities and Wildlife in Africa, Department of Biological Sciences, South Africa
Pages: 325–334
The composition of the soil seedbank and its role in ecosystem dynamics and rehabilitation potential in the arid Tankwa Karoo Region, South Africa
Author(s): Manam WB SaaedHigher Institute of Agricultural Techniques, Libya, Shayne M JacobsDepartment of Conservation Ecology and Entomology, South Africa, Mmoto L MasubeleleCape Research Centre, South Africa, Igshaan SamuelsAgricultural Research Council–Animal Production, c/o Department of Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, South Africa, Lesego KhomoDepartment of Environmental Sciences, South Africa, Yacoub M El-BarasiBotany Department, Faculty of Science, Libya
Pages: 351–361
Assessing the success of experimental rehabilitation on a coastal mineral sands mine in Namaqualand, South Africa
Author(s): Marco J PauwSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa, Karen J EslerDepartment of Conservation Ecology and Entomology, South Africa, David C Le MaitreCouncil for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa
Pages: 363–373
Response of arthropod communities to plant-community rehabilitation efforts after strip mining on the semi-arid west coast of South Africa
Author(s): Adam SteedDepartment of Conservation Ecology and Entomology, South Africa, Rudi SwartDepartment of Conservation Ecology and Entomology, South Africa, Marco J PauwSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa, Francois RoetsDepartment of Conservation Ecology and Entomology, South Africa
Pages: 375–385

Commentary

Population change in the Karoo
Author(s): Trevor HillSchool of Agricultural Earth and Environmental Sciences, Discipline of Geography, South Africa, Etienne NelCollege of Business and Economics, South Africa
Pages: 203–208

Other

Reflections on the Karoo Special Issue: towards an interdisciplinary research agenda for South Africa’s drylands
Author(s): M Timm HoffmanPlant Conservation Unit, Department of Biological Sciences, South Africa, Cherryl WalkerDepartment of Sociology and Social Anthropology, South Africa, Joh R HenschelSouth African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON): Arid Lands Node, South Africa
Pages: 387–393

Contents

Instructions for Authors

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Author FAQ

 

Instructions for Authors

The Journal publishes peer-reviewed Research Papers, Research Notes, Reviews and Commentaries dealing with topics related to range and forage science that contribute to the discipline in an African context. Papers may report the results of a specific investigation, may be speculative in nature, or may review the literature and trends in a particular field. Invited Book Reviews and Letters to the Editor are also published. Further information on the Types of Manuscripts published is available for download below. Page charges of ZAR225 (for African contributors, excl. VAT for South Africa) or USD40 (for other contributors) per page are levied. Page charges are waived for corresponding authors who are Grassland Society of Southern Africa members (with a journal subscription) and for Book Reviews and Letters to the Editor.

Editorial policy: Contributions must conform to the principles outlined in Ethical Considerations in Research Publication available for download below. Submission of a manuscript implies that the material has not previously been published, nor is it being submitted elsewhere for publication. Submission of a manuscript will be taken to imply transfer of copyright of the material to the publishers, NISC. Contributions are accepted on the understanding that the authors have the authority for publication. Material accepted for publication in this Journal may not be reprinted or published in translation without the express permission of the publishers, NISC. The final decision to accept a manuscript rests with the Editor-in-Chief.

Presentation: Before submitting a manuscript authors should peruse a recent issue of the Journal for format and style. Manuscripts must be written in clear English (UK style). Typescripts not prepared in accordance with our instructions will be returned to authors for revision before they are sent to referees. Manuscripts and figures must be submitted in electronic form.

Manuscripts: Manuscripts should be prepared using Microsoft Word (font Arial or Times New Roman, 12 pt) in A4 format with 1.5 line spacing without columns. Number all pages sequentially, including the title page and those containing the references, figure captions and tables. All submissions should be made online at the African Journal of Range & Forage Science ScholarOne Manuscripts site. New users should first create an account. Once a user is logged onto the site submissions should be made via the Author Centre. The journal operates a double-blind review process. All information identifying the authord must be removed from the manuscript tet file and included in a separate Title Page file (for content see manuscript format below), which is not accessible by reviewers. 

Statistical analyses: Pseudoreplication should be recognised and treated accordingly. Test results must be reported in full, not p-values alone. Measures of variation and probability should be reported to one decimal place more than the respective means and test statistics.

Manuscript format: The manuscript should be arranged using the following order:
Title page — (a) Title: This title must be brief, sufficiently informative for retrieval by automatic searching techniques, and should contain important keywords. Names of taxa are to be used without author citations. (b) Author(s): Corresponding author must be indicated. (c) Affiliations: The authors' respective affiliation where the work was done. Thecurrent address for an author (if different) can be indicated. An e-mail address for the corresponding author must be provided. (d) Acknowledgements: acknowledge funders and anyone who provided intellectual or technical assistance, or specialist equipment or materials. 

Abstract page — (a) Abstract: This must be a concise statement of the scope of the work and the principal findings. It must not exceed 200 words. It should summarise the information presented in the paper but should not include references. (b) Key words: Up to five additional index words or phrases, not included in the title, must be listed alphabetically.
Main text — The Introduction should outline the problem in general and clearly state the study objectives. References to previous work are only desirable if they have direct bearing on the subject of the paper. A detailed review of the literature is usually inappropriate. Typically, the intermediate sections will be Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusions. Commentaries and Reviews may have different headings, while Research Notes, Letters and Book Reviews should have no headings.
References — References to literature within an article must be arranged chronologically. References to works by more than two authors should be abbreviated with et al. The list of references at the end of the article must be arranged alphabetically and titles must appear exactly as in the originals. Refer to Reference Exemplars for Authors available for download below:

Bell RHV. 1982. The effect of soil nutrient availability on community structure in African ecosystems. In: Huntley BJ, Walker BH (eds), Ecology of tropical savannas. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp 193–216.

Hoffman MT, Cowling RM. 1990. Desertification in the lower Sundays River Valley, South Africa. Journal of Arid Environments 19: 105–117.

Leng RA. 1986. Drought feeding strategies: theory and practice. Armidale: Penambul Books.

Tables — Each table must be accompanied by an appropriate standalone caption. Data may not be presented in both tabular and graphical form. Tables must be formatted to fit the page vertically with a printed width of either 80 mm or 175 mm. Tables may include up to five horizontal lines but no vertical lines.
Figures — Ensure figures conform to the journal style. Pay particular attention to line thickness, font and figure proportions, taking into account the journal’s printed page size. Costs of redrawing figures may be charged. Please refer to Figure Guidelines for Authors: format, style and technical considerations available for download below. For digital photographs or scanned images the resolution should be at least 300 dpi for colour or greyscale artwork and a minimum of 600 dpi for black line drawings. These can be saved (in order of preference) in PSD, JPEG, PDF or EPS format. Graphs, charts or maps can be saved in AI, PDF or EPS format. MS Office files (Word, Powerpoint, Excel) are also acceptable but DO NOT EMBED Excel graphs or Powerpoint slides in a MS Word document, rather send the original Excel or Powerpoint files. More detailed technical information is given in Figure Guidelines for Authors. Illustrations can be reproduced in colour, but only when essential, and subject to approval by the Editor-in-Chief. Non-essential use of colour will be charged at ZAR900 (excl. VAT) per page for African contributors and USD150 per page for contributors from elsewhere.

Referees: Before submitting a manuscript authors are advised to have their work reviewed by colleagues in the same field of research. This should be reflected in the Acknowledgements. After submission all manuscripts are critically reviewed by at least two referees on whose advice the Editor-in-Chief accepts or rejects contributions, or returns the manuscript to authors for revision.

Electronic reprints: Authors will be notified by e-mail when their article is available for download from the journal website.

Open access: The Journal is a hybrid journal which allows authors the option of publishing their article Open Access for a set fee. Further details are given on the Open Access at NISC page. 

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Instructions for Authors

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Types of Manuscripts

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Figure Guidelines for Authors

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Figure FAQs

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