Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science | National Inquiry Services Centre

Southern Forests

a Journal of Forest Science

ISSN: 2070-2620 (Print)
            2070-2639 (Online)
Publication frequency: 4 issues per year

0.8 (2022) Impact Factor
1.3 (2022) 5-year IF

1.8 (2022) CiteScore

Accredited with the DHET (SAPSE)

Official publication of the Southern African Institute of ForestryCo-published with Taylor & FrancisClick here for Open Access options on this journal

Aims & Scope

Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science publishes scientific articles in forest science and management of fast-growing,
planted or natural forests in the Southern Hemisphere and the tropics.

Papers are also encouraged on related disciplines such as environmental aspects of forestry, social forestry, agroforestry, forest engineering and management as well as the goods and services that are derived from forests as a whole. Articles published by the journal are of value to forest scientists, resource managers and society at large.

The journal particularly encourages contributions from South America, Africa and tropical/subtropical Australasia and Asia. The mission of the Southern African Institute of Forestry is to assist the profession to achieve and maintain excellence in the practice of forest, wood and conservation science and Southern Forests is a tangible expression of this mission. Thoughts expressed by the writer of any editorial published in this journal do not necessarily reflect the views of the Institute.




Dr David Everard, Sustainable African Forestry Assurance Scheme, South Africa

Editorial Office

Southern Forests: a Journal of  Forest Science
c/o Southern African Institute of Forestry, Postnet Suite 329, Private Bag X4, Menlo Park, 0102, South Africa
Mobile: +27 82 523 8733

Manuscript Submission

All manuscripts presented in accordance with instructions to authors (printed in the back of each issue) should be submitted to the Editor at the Editorial Office. Instructions are also accessible under ‘Forestry Journal' on

Associate Editors

Prof J Roux, Forestry Company, South Africa
Prof. P Chirwa, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Prof Mathew Leitch, Lakehead University (Canada)
Dr Sylvanus Mensah, RUFORM (Uganda)
Prof Eric Görgens, Federal University of Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (Brazil) 
Dr Stuart Christie, Independent (South Africa)
Prof Don White, University of Tasmania and Murdoch University (Australia)
Dr Washy Gapare, CSIRO (Australia)
Prof Carlos Sanquetta, Federal University of Paraná (Brazil)
Prof Almeida Sitoe, University of Eduardo Mondlane (Mozambique)

Editorial Advisory Board

Dr C Beadle, CSIRO: CRC, Australia
Dr J-P Bouillet, CIRAD, France
Dr MP Brink, Independent, South Africa
Dr G Downes, Independent, Australia
Prof. WS Dvorak, CAMCORE, North Carolina State University, USA Prof. J-P Evans, Imperial College, United Kingdom
Prof. CJ Geldenhuys, University of Pretoria and Stellenbosch, South Africa
Dr I Grundy, University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Dr NB Jones, Forestry Company, South Africa
Dr A Kanzler, Forestry Company, Indonesia
Dr HW Kassier, Independent, South Africa
Prof. LD Kellogg, Oregon State University, USA
Dr D Lee, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia
Dr KM Little, Nelson Mandela University, South Africa
Prof. M Scholes, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa Prof. T Seifert, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Prof. DB South, Auburn University, USA University, South Africa Dr S Verryn, Independent, South Africa
Prof. MJ Wingfield, FABI, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Publishing Manager

Contact regarding all aspects relating to the publishing of the journal, including production and copyright issues:

Dr Kelly-Anne Frith
NISC (Pty) Ltd
4 Speke Street
PO Box 377
Makhanda 6140
South Africa

Tel: +27 (0)46 622 9698
Fax: +27 (0)46 622 9550

Published in association with the Southern African Institute of Forestry (SAIF):

Information about the SAIF and membership to the organisation is available on its website: For further
information regarding the SAIF, please contact the National Secretariat on or via the website.

Latest Issue

Volume 85, Issue 3-4, 2023

Review Article

A systematic review of remote sensing and machine learning approaches for accurate carbon storage estimation in natural forests
Author(s): Collins Matiza University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa , Onisimo Mutanga University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa , Kabir Peerbhay University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa , John Odindi University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa , Romano Lottering University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Pages: 123–141

Research Article

Tree diversity, vegetation structure and management of mangrove systems on Viti Levu, Fiji Islands
Author(s): Ashik Rubaiyat University of Göttingen, Germany , Nicholas Rollings The University of the South Pacific, Fiji Islands , Stephen Galvin The University of the South Pacific, Fiji Islands , Ralph Mitloehner University of Göttingen, Germany , Sohag Miah University of Göttingen, Germany , Hans Juergen Boehmer The University of the South Pacific, Fiji Islands
Pages: 142–151
Woody biomass increases across three contrasting land uses in Hurungwe, mid-Zambezi valley, Zimbabwe
Author(s): Tatenda Gotore , Zimbabwe , Sam Bowers University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom , Hilton GT Ndagurwa National University of Science and Technology, Zimbabwe , Shakkie Kativu University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe , Anderson Muchawona , Zimbabwe , Pomerayi Mutete , Zimbabwe , Mduduzi Tembani , Zimbabwe , Ruramai Murepa , Zimbabwe , Admore Mureva Bindura University of Science Education, Zimbabwe , Casey Ryan University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa , Denis Gautier Université Montpellier, France , Laurent Gazull Université Montpellier, France
Pages: 152–161
Secondary vegetation provides a reservoir of non-timber forest products and agroforestry service options for forestry plantation systems, Maputaland, South Africa
Author(s): AP Starke University of Pretoria, South Africa , CJ Geldenhuys University of Pretoria, South Africa , TG O’Connor University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa , CS Everson University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Pages: 162–173
Effects of thinning on growth performance of teak (Tectona grandis) plantations in Tain II Forest Reserve, Ghana
Author(s): Bertrand Festus Nero Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana , Maxwell Asuenabisa Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
Pages: 174–184
Genetic variability of Tachigali vulgaris trees based on seed morphophysiological traits
Author(s): Noemi Vianna Martins Leão , Brazil , Sérgio Heitor Sousa Felipe Universidade Estadual do Maranhão, Brazil , Ricardo Gallo Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil , Elizabeth Santos Cordeiro Shimizu , Brazil
Pages: 185–193
Effects of succinic acid impregnation on physical properties of sapwood and heartwood from plantation-grown short-rotation teak
Author(s): Sarah Augustina National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia , Teguh Darmawan National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia , Sudarmanto National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia , Narto Narto National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia , Adik Bahanawan National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia , Danang S Adi National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia , Dimas Triwibowo National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia , Yusup Amin National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia , Imran A Sofianto National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia , Prabu S Sejati National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia , Wahyu Dwianto National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia , Witjaksono National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia , Ragil Widyorini Universitas Gadjah Mada, , Philippe Gérardin Université de Lorraine, France , Sari Delviana Marbun National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia
Pages: 201–211


Instructions for Authors

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Author FAQ


Instructions for Authors 

Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science accepts Research Papers and Review Papers, as well as shorter Research Notes. Please study the format and style of a recent issue. Contributions should be written in clear English (UK spelling) and be suitable for peer review without the need for copy editing. Contributions with a main body (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion) text of 3 000 to 4 000 words or a total word count (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, References, Acknowledgements, Tables, Figures, Appendixes, etc.) of less than 8 000 words will be given preference.

Editorial policy: Contributions must conform to the principles outlined in Ethical Considerations in Research Publication available for download below. 

Submissions: Submission of a manuscript implies that the work has not been published previously, is not currently under consideration for publication elsewhere and its publication has been approved by all co-authors. Upon acceptance for publication by Southern Forests, the authors will assign in writing exclusive copyright to the publisher NISC (Pty) Ltd.  All submissions should be made online at the Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science ScholarOne Manuscripts site. New users should first create an account. Once a user is logged onto the site submissions should be made via the Author Centre. The journal operates a double-anonymized review process. All information identifying the authord must be removed from the manuscript tet file and included in a separate Title Page file (for content see manuscript format below), which is not accessible by reviewers.

Manuscript format: Manuscripts must be prepared using Microsoft Word (font Arial or Times New Roman, 12 pt), double spaced, preferably with lines numbered. Tables, figures and images should be on separate pages. The manuscript should be submitted via the journal’s submission and review site at New users should first create an account. Once a user is logged onto the site, submissions can be made via the Author Centre. For queries, contact the editorial office at

Headings: Hierarchical sequence to be used: sentence-case bold, sentencecase italics and bold, then sentence-case italics non-bold. Subdivisions must be designated (1), (2), etc. and further subdivisions (i), (ii), etc.

Abbreviations: Use abbreviations and acronyms for long technical names that occur frequently in the text and where common usage occurs (e.g. DNA). When first used, state the name in full followed by abbreviation or acronym in parentheses.

Units of measure: SI units must be used. For wood volume yield use the form m 3  ha -1 y -1, wood density use g m -3 , stand density use trees  ha -1 or stems ha -1 . Slope should be recorded in degrees, not per cent. Parts per million should be expressed as mg kg -1 , ug l -1 . Use units that are appropriate to the nature of the work being reported, e.g. ha rather than the SI base unit m -2 . Use cm for DBH values, log and pole diameters. List of ‘Standard Symbols’ is available on the SAIF website (see Forestry Journal).

Numbers: Use figures where a unit of measurement is given, e.g. 2 m, but use the word for numbers under 10 or at beginning of a sentence. Numbers larger than 999 should be divided into groups of three figures, e.g. 2 570; 42 500 000. Separate items in a string of figures with semi-colons. Use decimal fractions. Where common fractions are unavoidable, type thus:  2 / 3   Use full-stop for a decimal point, e.g. 1 245.105.

Formulae: Symbols in mathematical formulae should be set in italics, except operators (sin, log, ln, exp) and constants, which will be in Roman type, and matrices and vectors, which will be set in bold type. Use the simplest formulae that can be made by ordinary mathematical calculations. Type formulae as far as possible in one line, e.g. (a + b) / (r + y). Fractional exponents must be typed thus: x 1 / 2 or x 0.5. Superior over inferior notation must be typed thus: x 2a

Tables and figures: Tables and figures should be on separate pages, and numbered in Arabic numerals; figures grouped together must be numbered using lower-case chronological letters. These items should be readily understood, without reference to the text. Two-dimensional graphics and histograms are preferred and shading patterns should be kept simple. Authors must ensure that their figures conform to the style of the journal. Pay particular attention to line thickness, font and figure proportions, taking into account the journals printed page size. Costs of redrawing figures may be charged. Please refer to Figure Guidelines for Authors: format, technical considerations and style available for download below. For digital photographs or scanned images the resolution should be at least 300 dpi for colour or greyscale artwork and a minimum of 600 dpi for black line drawings.  These can be saved (in order of preference) as PSD, TIFF, EPS, PDF or JPEG files. Graphs, charts or maps should be exported as AI, WMF, EMF, EPS, PDF or SVG files. MS Powerpoint and Excel files are acceptable. If submitting figures in a MS Word document use Insert Picture from File (do not copy and paste, or embed the artwork). More detailed technical information is given in Figure Guidelines for Authors. Illustrations can be printed in colour, but only when essential, and subject to approval by the Editor-in-Chief. Non-essential use of colour in the print copy will be charged at ZAR900 (excl. VAT) per page for African contributors and USD150 per page for contributors from elsewhere.

References: References should be cited in the text in the following forms: Smith (2010); Simelane (2011a, 2011b); Swart and Dlamini (2009); Simelane (1998, 2003); (Simelane 2011, Smith 2010). With more than two authors, use the first author’s name followed by et al. throughout (Rypstra et al. 1979). List references alphabetically and then chronologically at the end of the manuscript. Use full journal titles. Examples:

Brack C. 1996. Tree shape. Available at: [accessed on 9 October 2006].

Peace TR. 1962. Pathology of trees and shrubs with special reference to Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rolando CA, Hitchins M, Olivier S. 2006. Methods to improve late season planting of Pinus patula. ICFR Bulletin Series No. 08/2006. Pietermaritzburg: Institute for Commercial Forestry Research.

Rypstra T, Vermaas HF, Sanderson R. 1979. Dimensional stabilisation of wood: factors influencing it and the principles of treatment. South African Forestry Journal 108: 22–28.

Uggla C, Sundberg B. 2002. Sampling of cambial region tissues for high resolution analysis. In: Chaffey NJ (ed.), Wood formation in trees. London: Taylor and Francis. pp 215–228.

References should only include works cited in the text. In the case of publications in any other language than the one you are using the original title is to be retained, except where translated versions are cited. A paper may only be cited ‘in press’ if it has been accepted by a journal and is included in the References. A paper not yet accepted should be cited in the text as ‘unpubl. data’ with author’s initials and omitted from the References. Personal communications should be used sparingly and cited in the text thus, giving the correspondent’s affiliation: (WJ Smith pers. comm., [institution], [year]).

Manuscript structure: Manuscripts should be prepared using the following sections.
Title: Be brief but descriptive. Indicate location of study, e.g. Mpumalanga, South Africa. Do not give authorities for scientific names, though family and/or order in parenthesis are often desirable. Common names are acceptable when widely known and unequivocal. Follow title with  name(s) of author(s) and affiliation address(es). Follow with corresponding author e-mail address.

Abstract: Must not exceed 300 words. Present clearly the objective of the study, methods used, results and conclusion. At least three keywords not included in the title must be provided.

Introduction: Briefly provide the context for the study citing previous reported work. Show the link between the study and forest management as well as science. The introduction should end with clearly stated aims for the study.

Materials and methods: Provide sufficient information and detail so that the reader can make an independent assessment of procedures and analyses carried out. It is important to describe experimental sites including location, climate, soils and nature of the forest studied. Information on sample size, sampling methods, experimental design, precision of measurements and sampling units must be provided. Where possible cite references for more detailed description of materials and methods used. Statistical analytic methods and assumptions must be clearly stated.

Results: Do not present all observations but results must be given as necessary to support the conclusions. Presentation of results should be guided by statistical significance with these shown in tables and figures. It is preferred that results and discussion are presented as separate sections.

Discussion: Relate your findings to the aims of the study and other relevant reported work. Indicate how the work suggests future research needs and implications for forest management. Avoid reiteration of results and do not present additional observations from the study not reported in the results section.

Conclusions: Concisely state firm conclusions related to the aims of the study. Indicate possible future research aims and application to forest management.

Acknowledgements: It is important to acknowledge those who have supported the research, such as your institution, employer or funding agency, and those who rendered specific assistance.

Electronic reprints: Authors will be notified by e-mail when their article is available for download from the Taylor & Francis website.

Open access: Southern Forests is a hybrid journal which allows authors the option of publishing their article Open Access for a set fee. Further details are given on the Open Access at NISC page. 


Figure Guidelines for Authors

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Figure FAQs

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