African Journal of AIDS Research

ISSN: 1608-5906 (Print)
            1727-9445 (Online)
Publication frequency: 4 issues per year

Impact Factor: 0.81 (2017)
5-year Impact Factor: 1.077

Accredited with the DHET (SAPSE)


Co-published with Taylor & FrancisClick here for Open Access options on this journal


Aims & Scope

African Journal of AIDS Research (AJAR) is a peer-reviewed research journal publishing papers that make an original contribution to the understanding of social dimensions of HIV/AIDS in African contexts. AJAR includes articles from, amongst others, the disciplines of sociology, demography, epidemiology, social geography, economics, psychology, anthropology, philosophy, health communication, media, cultural studies, public health, education, nursing science and social work. Papers relating to impact, care, prevention and social planning, as well as articles covering social theory and the history and politics of HIV/AIDS, will be considered for publication.



Alan Whiteside, D Econ: CIGI Chair in Global Health Policy, Balsillie School of International Affairs, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Editorial Assistants

Sebastian Lacey, Global Governance Fellow, Balsillie School of International Affairs, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Associate Editors

S Nathaniel Dlamini, PhD: Principal Survey Statistician, Statistics South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Rebecca K Fielding-Miller, MSPH, PhD: Research Fellow, Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, University of
California, San Diego, United States
Lesley Gittings, MPhil: Aids and Society Research Unit, Centre for Social Science Research, Cape Town, South Africa
Casey Golomski, PhD: Research Fellow, Department of Anthropology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa and
Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, United States
Roger McLean, MSc: Research Fellow, Centre for Health Economics, University of the West Indies, St Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Sibusiso Mkwananzi, PhD: Demographer and Lecturer, Psychology Department, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South
Ann Neville Miller, PhD: Associate Professor, Nicholson School of Communication, University of Central Florida, Orlando, United States
Gemma Oberth, PhD: Research Fellow, Democracy in Africa Research Unit, Centre for Social Science Research, University of Cape
Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Tim Quinlan, PhD: Health Economics and HIV/AIDs Research Division (HEARD), University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa                                                                                                                                        

Manuscript Submission

All manuscripts presented in accordance with instructions to authors should be submitted online at the African Journal of AIDS Research ScholarOne Manuscripts site (

Editorial Board

Peter Aggleton, PhD: Professor of Education and Health, Centre for Social Research in Health, UNSW Australia
Sohail Agha, PhD: Research Associate Professor, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, USA
Augustine Ankomah, PhD: Senior Technical Advisor, Population Services International, The Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria
Catherine Campbell, PhD: Professor in Social Psychology, London School of Economics, UK
Mary Crewe, MA: Director, Centre for the Study of AIDS, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Marguerite Daniel, PhD: Guest Researcher, Research Centre for Health Promotion, University of Bergen, Norway
Kim Dickson, MSc, MBChB, DFFP: Medical Officer, HTM/HIV Prevention in the Health Sector, World Health Organization, Geneva,
Rachel Jewkes, MBBS, MD: Director, Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa; Honorary
Professor, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Honorary Senior Lecturer, London School of Hygiene and
Tropical Medicine, UK
Sam Kalibala, MD: Regional Representative of the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative in East and Southern Africa (IAVI), Nairobi, Kenya
Mubiana Macwan’gi, PhD: Research Fellow, Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Zambia, Lusaka
Charles Nzioka, PhD: Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Nairobi, Kenya; Programme Specialist in charge of
Research on HIV/AIDS and Education, UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP), Paris, France
Linda Richter, PhD: Executive Director of Child, Youth, Family and Social Development Research Programme, Human Sciences Research
Council, Durban, South Africa
David Serwadda, MBChB, MMedSc, MSc, MPH: Associate Professor of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Makerere University Institute
of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
Brian Williams, PhD: Epidemiologist, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
David Wilson, PhD: Senior Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist, World Bank, Washington DC, USA

Publishing Manager

Contact regarding all aspects relating to the production of the journal, including scheduling and copyright issues:

Mike Schramm
NISC (Pty) Ltd
4 Speke Street
PO Box 377
Grahamstown 6140
South Africa

Tel: +27 (0)46 622 9698
Fax: +27 (0)46 622 9550

Latest Issue

Volume 17, Issue 3, 2018


“Treatment is not yet necessary”: delays in seeking access to HIV treatment in Uganda and Zimbabwe
Author(s): Rachel KawumaMedical Research Council/Uganda Virus Research Institute and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (MRC/UVRI and LSHTM), Uganda, Janet SeeleyMedical Research Council/Uganda Virus Research Institute and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (MRC/UVRI and LSHTM), Uganda, Zivai MupambireyiCentre for Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Research, Zimbabwe, Frances CowanInternational Public Health Department, UK, Sarah BernaysSchool of Public Health, Australia, Medical Research Council/Uganda Virus Research Institute and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (MRC/UVRI and LSHTM), Uganda
Pages: 217–225
“I think the parent should be there because no one was born alone”: Kenyan adolescents’ perspectives on parental involvement in HIV research
Author(s): Allison K GrovesDepartment of Community Health and Prevention, USA, Denise D HallforsPacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, USA, Bonita J IritaniPacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, USA, Stuart RennieDepartment of Social Medicine, USA, Fredrick S OdongoKenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya, Daniel KwaroKenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya, Nyaguara AmekKenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya, Winnie K LusenoPacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, USA
Pages: 227–239
Mother–baby dyads enrolled in PMTCT care in western Kenya: characteristics and implications for ART programmes
Author(s): Edith A OgaloMoi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Kenya, Japheth O AdinaAcademic Model Providing Access to Health Care (AMPATH)-USAID, Kenya, Hesbon OokoAcademic Model Providing Access to Health Care (AMPATH)-USAID, Kenya, James BatukaUS Agency for International Development (USAID), Kenya, Sylvester KimaiyoAcademic Model Providing Access to Health Care (AMPATH)-USAID, Kenya
Pages: 241–247
Tablet-based disclosure counselling for HIV-infected children, adolescents, and their caregivers: a pilot study
Author(s): Megan S McHenryIndiana University School of Medicine, USA, Edith ApondiAcademic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH), Kenya, Carole I McAteerIndiana University School of Medicine, USA, Winstone M NyandikoAcademic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH), Kenya, Lydia J FischerIndiana University School of Medicine, USA, Ananda R OmbitsaAcademic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH), Kenya, Josephine AluochAcademic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH), Kenya, Michael L ScanlonIndiana University School of Medicine, USA, Rachel C VreemanIndiana University School of Medicine, USA
Pages: 249–258
Prevalence of HIV and other infections and injection behaviours among people who inject drugs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Author(s): Minilik DemissieEthiopian Public Health Institute, Ethiopia, Lisa G. JohnstonUnited Nations Office on Drug and Crime, USA, Mekonnen MuletaUnited Nations Office on Drug and Crime, USA, Dires DesyebelewUnited Nations Office on Drug and Crime, USA, Wudinesh BeleteEthiopian Public Health Institute, Ethiopia, Atsbeha G/EgxiabehreEthiopian Public Health Institute, Ethiopia, Nigussie GezahegnEthiopian Public Health Institute, Ethiopia, Desta KassaEthiopian Public Health Institute, Ethiopia, Yibeltal AseffaEthiopian Public Health Institute, Ethiopia
Pages: 259–264
Courage and confidence to stop lying: caregiver perspectives on a video to support paediatric HIV disclosure in Kampala, Uganda
Author(s): Sonja KlingbergMedical Research Council Epidemiology Unit & UK Clinical Research Collaboration Centre for Diet and Activity Research, United Kingdom, Rachel KingGlobal Health Sciences, Uganda, Janet SeeleyDepartment of Global Health and Development, United Kingdom, Resty LubwamaMakerere University–Johns Hopkins University Research Collaboration, Uganda, Margaret NamugangaMakerere University–Johns Hopkins University Research Collaboration, Uganda, Barbara NabiryoMakerere University–Johns Hopkins University Research Collaboration, Uganda, Monica EtimaMakerere University–Johns Hopkins University Research Collaboration, Uganda, Philippa MusokeMakerere University–Johns Hopkins University Research Collaboration, Uganda, Lisa M. ButlerInstitute for Collaboration on Health, Intervention and Policy, Connecticut
Pages: 273–279
Community perceptions and personal accounts of HIV discordance in rural western Kenya
Author(s): Ken OndengeKenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya, Isdorah OderoKenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya, Eucabeth AwuondaKenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya, Tereza OmoroKenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya, Michael KibogoKenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya, George OtienoKenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya, Pauline OngwenaKenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya, Deborah A GustDivision of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA
Pages: 281–290

Review Article

An assessment of antiretroviral drug initiation to pregnant women of unknown HIV status during labour and delivery in Cameroon
Author(s): Anastasia Yenban BongajumMinistry of Public Health, Cameroon, Divine Mbiydzenyuy DufeMerck Animal Health, The Netherlands, Paul Théodore Biyaga TjekMinistry of Public Health, Cameroon, Daniel Ter GoonDepartment of Nursing Sciences,, Céline Nguefeu Nkenfou“Chantal Biya” Reference Centre for HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Cameroon, Julius Mbekem NwobegahayCameroon Military Health Research Center (CRESAR), Cameroon, Robinson MbuDepartment of Family Health, Ministry of Public Health, Cameroon
Pages: 265–271

Book Review

Gender and HIV in South Africa: Advancing women’s health and capabilities
Author(s): Samantha WillanWhat Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Children Programme, Gender and Health Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, South Africa
Pages: 291–292


Instructions for Authors

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Author FAQ


Instructions for Authors 

African Journal of AIDS Research (AJAR) publishes papers that make an original contribution to the understanding of the social dimensions of HIV and AIDS in African contexts. AJAR will publish research articles of 5 000 to 7 500 words and short communications of 2 000 words. Review papers will be considered only if they make an original conceptual or theoretical contribution to the field. Invited book reviews are also published.

Editorial policy: Submission of a manuscript implies that the material has not previously been published, nor is it being submitted elsewhere for publication. Contributions are accepted with the understanding that the authors have the authority for publication. Submission will be taken to imply transfer of copyright of the material to the publishers. NISC (Pty) Ltd. Contributions must conform to the principles outlined in Ethical Considerations in Research Publication available for download below.

Papers submitted to AJAR will be reviewed by two appropriately qualified and experienced referees to ensure that all articles accepted for publication are methodologically and conceptually sound and make an original contribution to the field. The journal adheres strictly to a double blind review process. The final decision to accept a manuscript rests with the Editor-in-Chief. Queries regarding manuscripts can be addressed to the Editorial Office at

Submission: Manuscript submissions should be made online at the African Journal of AIDS Research ScholarOne Manuscripts site. New users should first create an account. Once a user is logged onto the site, submissions should be made via the Author Centre. Manuscripts must adhere to the format criteria described below, and papers failing to do so will be returned to authors to be corrected before being reviewed. Authors can make use of a language editing service to ensure that the presentation of their work is of an appropriate standard for submission.

Manuscript presentation: Submitted manuscripts should contain the following sections, each in separate files:

Title page: The title (max. 20 words) should be a concise description of the article content. Author names must appear only on the title page. This page should also include each author’s names (full first name and surname), each author’s full institutional affiliation, the e-mail address of the designated corresponding author. Recommended, but not required, are short biographical notes for the authors (highest academic degree, work experience, research interests) and/or any acknowledgements.

Abstract: This should include the title of the paper and an abstract. The abstract is a concise statement of the scope of the work, the principal findings and the conclusions and should not exceed 250 words. It should not contain references. Below the abstract, up to eight additional keywords or phrases (which are not already given in the title) should be listed in alphabetical order. Short communications also require brief abstracts (max. 150 words).

Main text: All papers should include Introduction and Conclusions sections, but given the diverse range of papers that might be published in AJAR, we do not prescribe a standard format for the middle section.                                                                                                                                 Format – Manuscripts should be prepared in MSWord. The headings and text should be presented in 12-point Arial or Calibri font. The text should use 1.5 line spacing, with no extra line spacing, and should not include text columns, creative formatting or additional fonts. Headings should be sentence case and never numbered. There should be no more than three heading levels: (1) bold, (2) bold italics, (3) italics. Endnotes, not footnotes, may be used sparingly. Tables and figures (graphs, photographs or scanned images) should not be part of the text but prepared as separate files.                                                                                                                                                        

Editorial style – Manuscripts should be written in clear English (UK spelling). Consult the Oxford English Dictionary for spelling, capitalisation, hyphenation and abbreviation conventions. Consult a copy of the journal for general style conventions. Double quotation marks and regular font should be used to designate material quoted directly from other texts. Direct speech should be italicised. Use single quotation marks to signify a quote embedded within another quotation. Double quote marks and italic font should be used to denote informants’ quotes. The period (.) must be used as the decimal indicator, and ‘thousands’ should be designated by a space rather than a comma (Example: 1 500 000). Conventions on presenting mathematical and statistical data are outlined in Guidelines for the presentation of mathematical and statistical data available for download below.        

Referencing: Use APA 6 author–date style. Multiple citations in the text must be separated by semicolons and cited chronologically in the form (Habib, 1998, 2005; Bwanika & Davis, 2000; Ministry of Health, 2011). If there is more than one citation with the same publication year, these should be listed alphabetically. If previously published work is quoted directly, the citation must include the author, year of publication, and page number as in (Ajulu, 1999, p. 63). If more than five authors are cited in a reference, use only the name of the first author followed by ‘et al’. The reference list should be in alphabetical order by first author, and include all the authors of a given reference (do not use “et al.” in the list); likewise, use full journal titles. URLs may be cited only for references that are not available in print (such as a webpage) or ones that link to hard-to-find sources (e.g. municipal document), and these URLs must be up-to-date at the time of submission. Include DOIs for articles where possible.

Example reference list:    

Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cockerham, W. C. (2000). The sociology of health behaviour and health lifestyles. In Bird C, Conrad P, & Fremont A. (Eds.), Handbook of Medical Sociology. (pp. 159–172). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Klopper, C., Stellenberg, E., & van der Merwe, A. (2014). Stigma and HIV disclosure in the Cape Metropolitan area, South Africa. African Journal of AIDS Research, 13(1), 37–43. 16085906.2014.886606

Bicego, G., Nkambule, R., Peterson, I., Reed, J., Donnell, D., Ginindza, H., … Justman, J. (2013). Recent patterns in populationbased HIV prevalence in Swaziland. PLoS One, 8(10), e77101.

World Health Organization. (2014, May). Swaziland: health profile. (accessed Jan 17, 2014).

Tables and Figures – Tables and figures should contain only information directly relevant to the content of the paper. Each table and figure must include a full, stand-alone caption, and each must be sequentially mentioned in the text. Highly stylised formatting should be avoided. Tables may use thin, horizontal lines but should not include cells with shading. Authors must ensure that their figures conform to the style of the journal. Pay particular attention to line thickness, font and figure proportions, taking into account the Journal’s printed page size. Costs of redrawing figures may be charged. Please refer to Figure Guidelines for Authors: format, style and technical considerations available for download below. For digital photographs or scanned images the resolution should be at least 300 dpi for colour or greyscale artwork and a minimum of 600 dpi for black line drawings. These can be saved (in order of preference) in PSD, JPEG, PDF or EPS format. Graphs, charts or maps can be saved in AI, PDF or EPS format. MS Office files (Word, Powerpoint, Excel) are also acceptable but DO NOT EMBED Excel graphs or Powerpoint slides in a MS Word document, rather send the original Excel or Powerpoint files. More detailed technical information is given in Figure Guidelines for Authors.

Open access: The African Journal of AIDS Research is a hybrid journal which allows authors the option of publishing their article Open Access for a set fee. Further details are given on the Open Access at NISC page.

Electronic reprints: Authors will be notified when their article is available for download from the journal website.


Instructions for Authors

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Figure Guidelines for Authors

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Figure FAQs

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