Articles by Author: Fj Raal

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  1. Sub-Optimal Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus—A Local Audit

    Sub-Optimal Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus—A Local Audit

    Background: Despite increased awareness of risk factors for coronary artery disease and randomized trial data supporting comprehensive diabetic care, these risk factors continue to be largely ignored in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  2. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A

    Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A

    Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN-2A) is an autosomal dominant genetic syndrome consisting of medullary thyroid carcinoma, phaeochromocytoma and hyperparathyroidism. A germline mutation in the RET proto-oncogene which codes for tyrosine kinase receptors expressed in neural-crest derived cells of the...
  3. The metabolic syndrome using the National Cholesterol Education Program and International Diabetes Federation definitions among urbanised black South Africans with established coronary artery disease

    The metabolic syndrome using the National Cholesterol Education Program and International Diabetes Federation definitions among urbanised black South Africans with established coronary artery disease

    Background. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) introduced a new definition of the metabolic syndrome (MS) that emphasises ethnic-specific cut-offs for waist circumference (WC).
  4. Hypercholesterolemia in children and young adults—current management

    Hypercholesterolemia in children and young adults—current management

    Atherosclerosis begins in childhood. Not uncommonly, the first presentation of atherosclerosis is sudden cardiac death. It therefore makes sense that risk-factor modification to prevent the development or delay the onset of atherosclerosis needs to begin early in life. Dietary intervention...
  5. New-onset diabetes mellitus after renal transplantation

    New-onset diabetes mellitus after renal transplantation

    Aims. To determine: (i) the incidence of new-onset diabetes mellitus in patients after renal transplantation (NODM); and (ii) the association between NODM and (a) various immunosuppressive regimens, and (b) ethnicity; and (iii) to assess outcomes in terms of morbidity and...