Original Articles

Measuring Readiness and Success at a Higher Education Institution

Published in: Journal of Psychology in Africa
Volume 21, issue 4, 2011, pages: 615–621
DOI: 10.1080/14330237.2011.10820509
Author(s): Juan-Claude LemmensUniversity of Pretoria,, Gerhard I. du PlessisUniversity of Pretoria,, David J.F. MareeUniversity of Pretoria,


This study investigated readiness as a correlate of academic success among beginning university students. A total of 829 first-time entering students from a large business sciences faculty were participants (males = 319, females = 510, mean age = 19, SD = 0.50 years). They completed the Academic Readiness Questionnaire (Lemmens, 2010) during the first-year orientation week. Data on academic success, consisting of subject marks and credits were collected in 2009 after a results verification process. Data were analysed with three separate multiple regression analyses. The first analysis consisted of the overall student sample, the second and third consisted of the black and the white students separated from the overall student sample. The main findings reveal that high school marks, the number of subjects in first year (credits registered), goal orientation, race, learning-efficacy, gender and the geographical area of high school have a direct relationship with academic success. The variables that predict academic success for black students are high school marks, credits registered, and parental education. The variables that predict academic success for white students are high school marks, goal orientation, credits registered, learning-efficacy, gender, and parental education.

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