Original Articles

Hope, Psychosocial Well-Being and Socioeconomic Status Among a Group of South African Adolescents

Published in: Journal of Psychology in Africa
Volume 21, issue 4, 2011, pages: 527–533
DOI: 10.1080/14330237.2011.10820493
Author(s): Tharina GuseUniversity of Johannesburg, South Africa, Yvonne VermaakUniversity of Johannesburg, South Africa

Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore hope and psychosocial well-being among South African adolescents (N = 1169; males = 573, females = 596, mean age = 15.1) from different socioeconomic contexts. Data was collected by means of convenience sampling using questionnaires to measure hope and psychosocial well-being, and a biographical questionnaire to determine socio-economic status. Data analysis consisted of descriptive statistics, ANOVAs, correlations and a moderated multiple regression. The findings indicate that adolescents across different population groups experienced relatively high levels of hope. Black adolescents experienced higher psychosocial well-being in comparison to White adolescents regardless of socio-economic status. Hope is an important psychological strength related to optimal mental health in youth.

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