Original Articles

HIV/AIDS Awareness of In—School Adolescents in Nigeria: Implications for Adolescence Sexuality

Published in: Journal of Psychology in Africa
Volume 16, issue 2, 2006, pages: 253–258
DOI: 10.1080/14330237.2006.10820129
Author(s): Mary Ogechi EsereUniversity of Ilorin, Nigeria


This study investigated HIV/AIDS awareness of in-school adolescents in Nigeria to determine their risk for contracting HIV/AIDS. A total of 892 purposively selected adolescents (mean age = 16. 5 years; SD = 5. 2; males = 492; females = 400) participated in the study. The participants responded to the HIV/AIDS Awareness Inventory (HAAI). The questions on the survey included the following aspects: meaning of HIV/AIDS; prevalence; mode of transmission; consequences and prevention. Differences in gender, age, school location and father's educational background in understanding HIV risk were examined. A group means comparison procedure revealed a significant difference in HIV awareness by gender, age, school location and father's educational background. Female adolescents, the older adolescents, those living in urban centres and those whose fathers are literate had higher HIV/AIDS awareness than their counterparts from rural areas. Nigerian adolescents need education regarding HIV/AIDS awareness.

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