Article

Focusing on monofilament nets while overlooking the priorities of artisanal fisheries governance in Senegal

Published in: African Journal of Marine Science
Volume 39, issue 3, 2017, pages: 339–348
DOI: 10.2989/1814232X.2017.1377634
Author(s): D ThiaoCentre de Recherches Océanographiques de Dakar-Thiaroye (CRODT), Senegal, A MbayeCentre de Recherches Océanographiques de Dakar-Thiaroye (CRODT), Senegal, M DèmeCentre de Recherches Océanographiques de Dakar-Thiaroye (CRODT), Senegal, HD DiadhiouCentre de Recherches Océanographiques de Dakar-Thiaroye (CRODT), Senegal

Abstract

Despite its legal prohibition since 1998, the nylon monofilament net is still widely used in Senegalese artisanal fisheries. To achieve a complete ban on monofilament use, it is necessary to understand the main arguments for its continued use and what alternatives exist. Using a field experiment among local fishers as well as empirical knowledge and a literature review, this article highlights the challenges to the eradication of nylon monofilament. Our study shows that in a context where decision-makers pay too much attention to social, economic and political stakes, the efficiency of nylon monofilament nets confers a major advantage upon which fishers rely, and this counters any regulatory action against this type of gear. Moreover, numerous studies globally have indicated that communication campaigns that focus on the ghost-fishing power of this type of net seem to be inappropriate. We concluded that the issue of continued use of monofilament should be addressed through an integrated fisheries management programme that reduces overcapacity and fosters sustainable fishing practices.

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