Changes in recreational shore anglers’ attitudes towards, and awareness of, linefish management along the KwaZulu-Natal coast, South Africa

Published in: African Journal of Marine Science
Volume 39, issue 3, 2017, pages: 327–337
DOI: 10.2989/1814232X.2017.1373704
Author(s): RW KramerOceanographic Research Institute (ORI), South Africa, BQ MannOceanographic Research Institute (ORI), South Africa, SW DunlopOceanographic Research Institute (ORI), South Africa, JB Mann-LangOceanographic Research Institute (ORI), South Africa, D Robertson-AnderssonSchool of Life Sciences, South Africa


Management of recreational fisheries cannot be based on biological and stock assessment data alone but needs to include appropriate social aspects (including knowledge, attitudes and behaviour) of anglers within the fishery. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate and complement existing recreational fisheries research, through the analysis of demographic and psychographic angler attributes collected from two independent, shore-based snapshot monitoring surveys conducted on the KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) coastline of South Africa, in 1994–1996 and 2009–2010. Results show significant changes between the two survey events in the demographics of anglers (including ethnic composition, age distribution, years of fishing experience and employment status) participating in the KZN shore-based linefishery. Traditional management regulations (minimum size limits, daily bag limits and closed seasons), though appearing to have support, have had limited effectiveness, based on the increased levels of admitted non-compliance and poor knowledge of regulations for target species. Anglers in both surveys believed that catches had declined over the years, with overfishing being the most common reason given. The results are discussed in the context of changing management practices in the KZN recreational shore-based linefishery. The implications of changes in fisheries management policies and responsibilities along the KZN coast are highlighted.

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