Short Communication

The taxonomic position and breeding range of Golden Nightjar Caprimulgus eximius (Caprimulgidae)

Published in: Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology
Volume 88, issue 3, 2017, pages: 281–286
DOI: 10.2989/00306525.2017.1279691
Author(s): Yvonne LawrieSchool of Medicine, Medical Sciences and Nutrition, Institute of Medical Sciences, UK, Robert Swann, UK, Peter Stronach, UK, Yoav PerlmanIsrael Ornithological Center, Israel, J Martin CollinsonSchool of Medicine, Medical Sciences and Nutrition, Institute of Medical Sciences, UK

Abstract

Golden Nightjar Caprimulgus eximius is an apparently sedentary sub-Saharan species with a breeding range extending from Senegal and Mauritania to Sudan. Although genetic studies of nightjars and related Caprimulgiformes have been published previously, none has included Golden Nightjar. In this study, mitochondrial and nuclear DNA of a Golden Nightjar found dead in Western Sahara in April 2016 was sequenced and compared with other species in the genus Caprimulgus. It was concluded with strong support that Golden Nightjar is closely related to Egyptian Nightjar C. aegyptius. It is hypothesised that Golden and Egyptian Nightjars may have arisen by splitting of a single ancestral species into migratory and sedentary populations.

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