Article

Dietary consumption and happiness and depression among university students: A cross-national survey

Published in: Journal of Psychology in Africa
Volume 27, issue 4, 2017, pages: 372–377
DOI: 10.1080/14330237.2017.1347761
Author(s): Karl PeltzerHIV/AIDS/STI/and TB (HAST), South Africa, Supa PengpidDepartment of Research Development and Innovation, South Africa

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships between fruit and vegetable consumption and happiness and depression among university students in a cross-national survey. Using anonymous questionnaires, data were collected from 18 522 undergraduate university students (mean age 20.9, SD = 2.4) from 29 universities in 28 countries across Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Results indicate that the amount of fruit and vegetable consumption was positively associated with happiness and inversely associated with depression. Healthier behaviour patterns of fruit and vegetable consumption was associated with higher happiness and lower depression scores among university students across 28 countries.

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