Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in males: a review of pathophysiology

Published in: South African Family Practice
Volume 57, issue 2, 2015, pages: 88–92
DOI: 10.1080/20786190.2014.983307
Author(s): Suhani MaharajhDepartment of Urology, South Africa, Ehab H Abdel GoadDepartment of Urology, South Africa, Serela S RamklassSchool of Medicine, South Africa, Marius C ConradieNetcare Waterfall City Hospital, South Africa


Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) refer to the symptom complex that is the common pathway for diseases affecting the lower urinary tract. It manifests as either irritative or obstructive symptoms. LUTS have long been recognised as a significant cause of morbidity in both sexes. The long term sequelae of the underlying cause are also a significant cause of mortality.

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