Original Articles

Combining ability effects of some spring wheat cultivars at two different temperature levels

Published in: South African Journal of Plant and Soil
Volume 16, issue 1, 1999, pages: 15–17
DOI: 10.1080/02571862.1999.10634839
Author(s): P.R. CelliersDepartment of Civil Engineering, Republic of South Africa, M.T. LabuschagneDepartment of Plant Breeding, Republic of South Africa, C.S. Van DeventerDepartment of Plant Breeding, Republic of South Africa

Abstract

Yield losses due to high temperatures in the wheat growing season is a serious problem in South Africa. The aim of this study was to determine how the expression of general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) was influenced by high temperatures in five commercial spring wheats. A full diallel cross was made with five spring wheat cultivars. One set of parents and their F1 hybrid progenies were grown under high temperatures and a second set under control temperatures. Additive gene action was predominant for all characteristics measured at both temperature levels. Additive gene action was significantly lower at the higher temperature conditions for most characteristics. Parents with the highest GCA effects at one set of temperatures tended to have the highest GCA effects for the other temperature level as well. SCA effects were expressed significantly different at the higher temperatures. High SCA effects for a characteristic at one temperature level were often paralleled by low or negative SCA effects at the other temperature level. This indicated that specific hybrid combinations selected in an optimal environment would probably not perform the same at high temperature conditions.

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