Article

Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the rural southern Free State

Published in: South African Family Practice
Volume 51, issue 6, 2009, pages: 502–505
DOI: 10.1080/20786204.2009.10873914
Author(s): AJ GroenewaldDepartment of Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences,, HJ van WykDepartment of Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences,, CM WalshDepartment of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences,, S van ZylDepartment of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences,, LJ van der MerweDepartment of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences,

Abstract

Background: A worldwide increase in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) has been reported and an even further increase is expected as a result of lifestyle changes. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of DM in the rural southern Free State and to investigate the contribution of risk factors such as age, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio and waist circumference to the development of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or DM.

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