African Journal of Range & Forage Science
Aims & Scope
The African Journal of Range & Forage Science is the leading rangeland and pastoral journal in Africa. The Journal is dedicated to publishing quality original material that advances rangeland ecology and pasture management in Africa. Contributions reporting on research not undertaken in Africa, but which is theoretically and/or practically applicable to Africa, are welcome. The Journal promotes both science and its application and authors are encouraged to explicitly identify the practical implications of their work. Peer-reviewed research papers and research notes deal primarily with all aspects of rangeland and pasture ecology and management, including the ecophysiology and biogeochemistry of rangelands and pastures, terrestrial plant–herbivore interactions (both domestic and wild), rangeland assessment and monitoring, effects of climate change on rangelands, rangeland and pasture management, rangeland rehabilitation, ecosystem services in support of production, conservation and biodiversity goals, and the identification and development of intensive and semi-intensive pasture and forage resources to meet livestock production needs in Africa. Articles highlighting transdisciplinary linkages among biophysical and social sciences that support management, policy and societal values are particularly encouraged. The Journal includes relevant book reviews and invited perspectives that contribute to the development of range and forage science in Africa. Letters to the editor that debate issues raised in the Journal are acceptable. The African Journal of Range & Forage Science is the official journal of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa.
Coventry University, UK
Freyni du Toit
Grassland Society of Southern Africa, South Africa
Andrew Ainslie, Reading University, United Kingdom
Lindsay Bell, CSIRO Agriculture Flagship, Australia
Corli Coetsee, South Africa National Parks, South Africa
Justin du Toit, Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, South Africa
Patrick O’Farrell, CSIR, Natural Resources and the Environment, South Africa
Igshaan Samuels, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa
Colleen Seymour, South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa
Charlie Shackleton, Rhodes University, South Africa
Alan Short, Themeda Eco Consulting, South Africa
Pieter Swanepoel, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Liz Trenchard, Coventry University, United Kingdom
Wayne Twine, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Roger Uys, Independent, New Zealand
Dr Frank Warwick, Coventry University, United Kingdom
Book Reviews Editor
Craig Morris, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa
African Journal of Range & Forage Science
PO Box 41, Hilton, Pietermaritzburg 3245, South Africa
Telephone: +27 (0)49 842 4335
Telefax: +27 (0)86 622 7576
All manuscripts presented in accordance with instructions to authors (printed in the back of each issue) should be submitted online at the African Journal of Range & Forage Science ScholarOne Manuscripts site (http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/tarf).
Editorial Advisory Panel
Prof Anthony J Afolayan, University of Fort Hare, South Africa
Dr Nicky Allsopp, SAEON Fynbos Node, South Africa
Dr Wellington N Ekaya, Biosciences eastern and central Africa – International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub, Kenya
Prof Iain Gordon, James Cook University, Australia
Mr C Richard Hurt, Kiwiflora Nurseries, New Zealand
Prof Graham I H Kerley, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University
Prof Kevin P Kirkman, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Prof Nkobi M Moleele, RESILIM - Resilience in the Limpopo River Basin, Botswana
Mr Craig D Morris, Agricultural Research Institute, South Africa
Dr Anthony R Palmer, Agricultural Research Institute, South Africa
Mr Michael D Panagos, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Prof Elly N Sabiiti, Makerere University, Uganda
Prof Peter F Scogings, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Dr Susanne Vetter, Rhodes University, South Africa
Contact regarding all aspects relating to the production of the journal, including scheduling and copyright issues:
NISC (Pty) Ltd
4 Speke Street
PO Box 377
Tel: +27 (0)46 622 9698
Fax: +27 (0)46 622 9550
Published in association with the Grassland Society of Southern Africa:
Membership to the Society is open to all interested persons. Membership rates and information on the Society can be obtained from the Administrator, Ms Freyni du Toit — Tel: +27 (0)49 842 4335, e-mail: email@example.com.
Further information on the Grassland Society of Southern Africa can be found at http://www.grassland.org.za/
Volume 33, Issue 4, 2016
Effect of short-duration overnight cattle kraaling on grass production in a southern African savanna
Is the grazing tolerance of mesic decreaser and increaser grasses altered by soil nutrients and competition?
The effect of conditioning and natural aeration methods on rate of moisture loss and crude protein content of Lablab purpureus herbage during hay-making
Optical chlorophyll measurements as predictors of total nitrogen, nitrogen fractions and in vitro ruminal nitrogen degradability in tropical grass forages
Livestock grazing has minimal effect on the species richness and diversity of semi-arid shrubland in the Western Little Karoo, South Africa
Identification Guide to Southern African Grasses: an Identification Manual with Keys, Descriptions and Distributions
Instructions for Authors
Instructions for Authors
The Journal publishes peer-reviewed Research Papers, Research Notes, Reviews and Commentaries dealing with topics related to range and forage science that contribute to the discipline in an African context. Papers may report the results of a specific investigation, may be speculative in nature, or may review the literature and trends in a particular field. Invited Book Reviews and Letters to the Editor are also published. Further information on the Types of Manuscripts published is available for download below. Page charges of ZAR225 (for African contributors, excl. VAT for South Africa) or USD40 (for other contributors) per page are levied. Page charges are waived for corresponding authors who are Grassland Society of Southern Africa members (with a journal subscription) and for Book Reviews and Letters to the Editor.
Editorial policy: Contributions must conform to the principles outlined in Ethical Considerations in Research Publication available for download below. Submission of a manuscript implies that the material has not previously been published, nor is it being submitted elsewhere for publication. Submission of a manuscript will be taken to imply transfer of copyright of the material to the publishers, NISC. Contributions are accepted on the understanding that the authors have the authority for publication. Material accepted for publication in this Journal may not be reprinted or published in translation without the express permission of the publishers, NISC. The final decision to accept a manuscript rests with the Editor-in-Chief.
Presentation: Before submitting a manuscript authors should peruse a recent issue of the Journal for format and style. Manuscripts must be written in clear English (UK style). Typescripts not prepared according to our instructions will be returned to authors for revision before they are sent to referees. Manuscripts and figures must be submitted in electronic form.
Manuscripts: Manuscripts should be prepared using Microsoft Word (font Arial or Times New Roman, 12 pt) in A4 format with 1.5 line spacing without columns. Number all pages sequentially, including the title page and those containing the references, figure captions and tables. All submissions should be made online at the African Journal of Range & Forage Science ScholarOne Manuscripts site. New users should first create an account. Once a user is logged onto the site submissions should be made via the Author Centre. Authors should prepare and upload two versions of their manuscript. One should be a complete text, while in the second all document information identifying the author should be removed from files to allow them to be sent anonymously to referees. When uploading files authors will then be able to define the non-anonymous version as ‘File not for review’.
Statistical analyses: Pseudoreplication should be recognised and treated accordingly. Test results must be reported in full, not p-values alone. Measures of variation and probability should be reported to one decimal place more than the respective means and test statistics.
Manuscript format: The manuscript should be arranged using the following order:
Title page — (a) Title: This should be brief, sufficiently informative for retrieval by automatic searching techniques, and should contain important keywords. Names of taxa are to be used without author citations. (b) Author(s): Corresponding author must be indicated. (c) Address(es) of author(s): The authors’ respective addresses where the work was done must be indicated. The address for an author for correspondence (if different) must be indicated. An e-mail address for the corresponding author must be provided.
Abstract page — (a) Abstract: This must be a concise statement of the scope of the work and the principal findings. It must not exceed 200 words. It should summarise the information presented in the paper but should not include references. (b) Key words: Up to five additional index words or phrases, not included in the title, must be listed alphabetically.
Main text — The Introduction should outline the problem in general and clearly state the study objectives. References to previous work are only desirable if they have direct bearing on the subject of the paper. A detailed review of the literature is usually inappropriate. Typically the intermediate sections will be Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions and Acknowledgements (including funding sources and names of pre-submission reviewers). Perspective papers may have different headings, while Research Notes, Letters and Book Reviews should have no headings.
References — References to literature within an article must be arranged chronologically. References to works by more than two authors should be abbreviated with et al. The list of references at the end of the article must be arranged alphabetically and titles must appear exactly as in the originals. Refer to Reference Exemplars for Authors available for download below:
Bell RHV. 1982. The effect of soil nutrient availability on community structure in African ecosystems. In: Huntley BJ, Walker BH (eds), Ecology of tropical savannas. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp 193–216.
Hoffman MT, Cowling RM. 1990. Desertification in the lower Sundays River Valley, South Africa. Journal of Arid Environments 19: 105–117.
Leng RA. 1986. Drought feeding strategies: theory and practice. Armidale: Penambul Books.
Tables — Each table must be accompanied by an appropriate standalone caption. Data may not be presented in both tabular and graphical form. Tables must be formatted to fit the page vertically with a printed width of either 80 mm or 175 mm. Tables may include up to five horizontal lines but no vertical lines.
Figures — Ensure figures conform to the journal style. Pay particular attention to line thickness, font and figure proportions, taking into account the journal’s printed page size. Costs of redrawing figures may be charged. Please refer to Figure Guidelines for Authors: format, style and technical considerations available for download below. For digital photographs or scanned images the resolution should be at least 300 dpi for colour or greyscale artwork and a minimum of 600 dpi for black line drawings. These can be saved (in order of preference) in PSD, JPEG, PDF or EPS format. Graphs, charts or maps can be saved in AI, PDF or EPS format. MS Office files (Word, Powerpoint, Excel) are also acceptable but DO NOT EMBED Excel graphs or Powerpoint slides in a MS Word document, rather send the original Excel or Powerpoint files. More detailed technical information is given in Figure Guidelines for Authors. Illustrations can be reproduced in colour, but only when essential, and subject to approval by the Editor-in-Chief. Non-essential use of colour will be charged at ZAR900 (excl. VAT) per page for African contributors and USD150 per page for contributors from elsewhere.
Referees: Before submitting a manuscript authors are advised to have their work reviewed by colleagues in the same field of research. This should be reflected in the Acknowledgements. After submission all manuscripts are critically reviewed by at least two referees on whose advice the Editor-in-Chief accepts or rejects contributions, or returns the manuscript to authors for revision.
Electronic reprints: Authors will be notified by e-mail when their article is available for download from the journal website.
Open access: The Journal is a hybrid journal which allows authors the option of publishing their article Open Access for a set fee. Further details are given on the Open Access at NISC page.