African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development
Aims & Scope
Harnessing science and technology, and fostering innovation have become imperatives to address the problems and challenges of structural transformation of the South. This is increasingly so in the context of globalised and knowledge economy. As there is no journal with special focus on science, technology, and innovation in Africa, AJSTID aims to address this need. While we provide special focus on work related to the nature of science, technology, and innovation process and learning across African countries and other developing countries, we also encourage submission of work on developed countries. Increasingly, process and impact of science, technology, and innovation are viewed at two levels – one, the narrow objective of achieving industrial growth; and two, the broader objective of achieving socio-economic development. AJSTID provides an important outlet to both these bodies of research. AJSTID aims to target both the policy-making ( at corporate and government levels) and the academic communities concerned with the impact of science, technology and innovation process on industrial, economic, and social development, particularly in Africa and in other developing economies.
One of the core aims of AJSTID is to encourage emerging research scholars, particularly in Africa, to publish their work in a journal read by the global community of scholars working on these topics. AJSTID also intends to encourage well-established researchers from all over the world to contribute to the journal and help to build it to be one of the top ranking journals. Although the main focus of AJSTID is Africa, researchers and scholars from the rest of the world are encouraged to contribute to the journal, particularly with comparative works that have implications for all developing economies.
AJSTID aims to be distinct from other journals in this area. For this, it includes research notes/commentaries -- individual accounts from thinkers and experts in this area, and also accounts and contributions from research networks about their activities. The research notes/commentaries will provide on how accomplished researchers selected certain research directions and not others and what influenced them to make their choices to do certain research and not others. Accounts/ contributions from research networks and their activities will be included to stimulate learning on how functioning research networks work.
Editors in Chief
Prof. Mammo Muchie
DST/NRF South African Research Professor on Innovation and development,, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa
Chairman of the Network of Ethiopian Scholars( www.nesglobal.org ); Senior Research Associate TMDC, Oxford University, UK
Adjunct Prof. ASTU, Ethiopia
Email: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr Angathevar Baskaran
Middlesex University Business School, London, UK
Senior Research Associate Fellow of SRACHI-IERI, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa
Emails: email@example.com ; firstname.lastname@example.org
Prof. Yasunori Baba RCAST, The University of Tokyo, Japan
Dr Jose Eduardo Cassiolato RedeSist, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Prof. Suzan Cozzens Georgia Technology University, USA
Dr Amare Desta South Bank University, London, UK
Prof. Giovanni Dosi Laboratory of Economics and Management, Pisa, Italy
Dr Gabriela Dutrénit Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana (UAM-X), Mexico
Prof. Charles Edquist Lund University, Sweden
Prof. Fred Gault UNU-MERIT , Maastricht, Netherlands &Professor Extraordinaire, TUT, South Africa
Prof. Shulin Gu Tsinghua University, China
Prof. Raphael Kaplinsky The Open University, UK
Dr Tomas Kjellqvist SIDA, Stockholm, Sweden
Robert Kriger National Research Foundation, Pretoria, South Africa
Prof. Venni V Krishna Centre for Studies in Science Policy, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India
Prof. Xue Lan School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University, China
Prof. Bengt-Åke Lundvall Aalborg University, Denmark
Prof. Franco Malerba Director of KITeS, Università Bocconi, Italy
Roberto Mavilia Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain & KITeS – Bocconi University, Italy
Prof. Thandika Mkandawire Professor of African Development, London School of Economics, UK
Prof. Winnie Mitullah University of Nairobi, Kenya
Emeritus Prof. Richard Nelson Columbia University, USA
Prof. Carlota Perez Cambridge University, UK
Prof. Carlo Pietrobelli University of Rome, Italy
Prof. Kwesi K Prah Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society, South Africa
Prof. Mohamed Salih International Institute of Social Studies , Erasmus University, the Netherlands
Prof. Luc Soete United Nations University, the Netherlands
Prof. Smita Srinivas Columbia University, USA
Prof. Ed Steinmueller SPRU, University of Sussex, UK
Prof. Lech W Zacher Kozminski University Warsaw, Poland
Edith Adera IDRC, Nairobi, Kenya
Dr Abdelrasaq Al-Suyui Na-Allah SARCHI Fellow, TUT, South Africa
Dr Tilman Altenburg German Development Institute, Germany
Prof. Joe Amadi-Echendu University of Pretoria, South Africa
Dr Opeyemi E Ayinde Research Associate with SARChI, South Africa
Dr Sinh Bach Tan National Institute for S&T Policy and Strategy Studies, Vietnam
Louis Turner Asi -Pacific Technology Network, UK
Jose Marvin Beduya Management Consultant at BSFil Technologies and Adjunct Professor at Asian Institute of Management, Philippines
Dr Pun-Arj Chairatana Noviscape Consulting Group, Thailand
Dr Cristina Chaminade Lund University Sweden
Dr Yu Cheng Institute of Policy and Management, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Dr Bitrina D. Diyamett Director, ATPS, Tanzania
Prof. Abdelkader Djeflat University of Lille, France
Dr Ming Feng Tang Southwest University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu, China
Prof. Massimiliano Ferrara University of Mediterranean at Regio, Italy
Dr Paulo Figuerido Brazilian School of Public and Business Administration (FGV), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Dr Xiaolan Fu Oxford University, UK
Dr Fekadu Fullas St. Luke's Regional Medical Center, Sioux City, USA
Dr Peter Gammeltoft Copenhagen University, Denmark
Dr Manuel Godinho Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal
Dr Patarapong Intarakumnerd Thammasat University, Thailand
Prof. KJ Joseph Institute of Development Studies, Trivandrum, India
Dr Erkki Kaukonen TaSTI, University of Tampere, Finland
Prof. Joseph Kizza Makerere University, Uganda
Dr Glenda Kruss HSRC, South Africa
Dr Kaushalesh Lal UNU-MERIT, the Netherlands
Prof. Keun Lee Seoul National University, South Korea
Dr Kong-Rae Lee Science and Technology Policy Institute , Korea
Dr Zhong Liu Southwest University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu, China
Prof. Sunil Mani Institute of Development Studies, Trivandrum, India
Dr Bok Marais NACI, South Africa
Dr Helena Maria Martins Lastres Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Dr Haile Michael SARChI Research Felllow, TUT, Pretoria, South Africa
Prof. Pierre Mohnen University of Maastricht, the Netherlands
Prof. John Mugabe University of Pretoria, South Africa
Dr Lindile Ndabeni Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Prof. Jochen Oppenheimer CEsA, Instituteo Superior de Economicia e gestao de Universidade Tecnica de Lisbola, Portugal
Dr Sanya Osha SARCHI Fellow, TUT, Pretoria , South Africa
Prof. Banji Oyeleran Oyeyinka UN-HABITAT, Nairobi, Kenya and UNU-MERIT, the Netherlands
Prof. Rajah Rasiah University of Malaya, Malaysia
Dr Mika Raunio TaSTI, University of Tampere, Finland
Dr Ignace Roger Kamga Tchwaket Sub Regional Institute for Statistics and Applied Economics (ISSEA), Cameroon
Prof. Robert Rugimbana Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Dr Frank K Teng-Zeng University for Development Studies, Wa, Upper West Region, Ghana
Dr K Thiruchelvam University of Malaya, Malaysia
Prof. Tim Turpin CIIS Research Group, University of Western Sydney, Australia
Dr Alexandre Vera-Cruz Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana (UAM-X), Mexico
Prof. Timothy Waema Nairobi University, Kenya
Prof. Zeleke Worku Business School/ TUT, South Africa
Prof. Liu Xielin Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Science, China
Book Review Editors
Silvia Masiero London School of Economics
Dr Ju Liu University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China
Fayaz Sheikh JNU, New Delhi, India
Dr Astrid Szogs SARChI Research Associate , Sweden
Dr Dániel Vértesy UNU-MERIT, the Netherlands
JoAnne Wangechi Karuri-Sebina SARCHI Fellow, TUT, South Africa
Volume 8, Issue 5-6, 2016
Development of an innovative eco-friendly rice puffing machine for modernizing a traditional cottage industry
Climate change and intellectual property rights in Africa: Environmental necessity-economic opportunity
Performance and emission evaluation of pure biodiesel from non-edible feedstock and waste oil in a diesel engine
Methods for assessing the impact of research on innovation and development in the agriculture and food sectors
Water quality of the Luvuvhu River and its tributaries within the Thulamela Local Municipality, Limpopo Province, South Africa
Instructions for Authors
Instruction for Authors
These instructions will ensure we have everything required so your paper can move through peer review, production and publication smoothly. Please take the time to read and follow them as closely as possible, as doing so will ensure your paper matches the journal’s requirements. For general guidance on the publication process at Taylor & Francis please visit our Author Services website.
Aims and Scope: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID) is a multidiscipline journal, which publishes original research covering economics, science, engineering, and technology, but with a focus on the economics of innovation and development. The journal targets policy makers, practitioners, as well the academic researchers concerned with the impact of science, technology, engineering, mathematics and innovation process on industrial, economic, social and sustainable development, including venture creation, social innovation, economic and social entrepreneurship, innovative engineering, and business management. Contributions detailing novel theories and approaches for engineering innovation for social inclusion and green economy are very welcome. The main focus of AJSTID is Africa, but contributions from elsewhere that have implications for all developing economies are encouraged. The journal publishes full-length papers (up to 8 000 words), research commentaries and research notes (2 500 words), and book reviews. Critical reviews (up to 10 000 words) will be considered.
Peer Review: This journal uses Editorial Manager to peer review manuscript submissions. Please read the guide for Editorial Manager authors
before making a submission. AJSTID considers all manuscripts on the strict condition that:
• the manuscript is your own original work, and does not duplicate any other previously published work, including your own previously published work; and
• the manuscript has been submitted only to African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation & Development; it is not under consideration or peer review or accepted for publication or in press or published elsewhere.
By submitting your manuscript to AJSTID you are agreeing to any necessary originality checks your manuscript may have to undergo during the peer-review and production processes. Any manuscript which fails to adhere to the above conditions can be rejected at any stage during the peer-review and production processes. All submitted manuscripts are subject to initial appraisal by the Editors-in-Chief, and, if found suitable for further consideration, to peer review by independent, anonymous expert referees. AJSTID follows the policy of double blind review system, but it issingle blind in some exceptional cases. Read more information regarding anonymous peer review here.
Citations: Please note that all papers accepted for this journal are subject to originality checking. To avoid potential problems, please ensure that all citations are fully disclosed at the point of submission.
Copyright and authors' rights: To assure the integrity, dissemination, and protection against copyright infringement of published articles, you will be asked to assign us, via a Publishing Agreement, the copyright in your article. Your Article is defined as the final, definitive, and citable Version of Record, and includes: (a) the accepted manuscript in its final form, including the abstract, text, bibliography, and all accompanying tables, illustrations, data; and (b) any supplemental material hosted by Taylor & Francis. Our Publishing Agreement with you will constitute the entire agreement and the sole understanding between you and us; no amendment, addendum, or other communication will be taken into account when interpreting your and our rights and obligations under this Agreement. Copyright policy is explained in detail here.
Submitting an article: Papers for consideration should be submitted via the Editorial Manager submission site once you have read the preparation guidelines. New users should first create an account. Once logged on to the site, submissions should be made via the Author Main Menu.
Manuscript preparation: Articles may be up to 8 000 words excluding notes, figures, tables and references. Tables and Figures should go at the end of the text. Please check and make sure your final article submission contains the following items which are required before publication:
• Author(s) names of all contributing authors exactly as you wish them to appear in the published article.
• Affiliations: List the affiliation of each author (department, university, city, country)
• Correspondence address and email address for all authors
• Abstract (200 words)
• Keywords, in alphabetic order, not in title (maximum 6)
• JEL classification codes
If your article is accepted for publication, it will be copy-edited and typeset in the correct style for the journal.
Some general style guidelines: The author’s spelling preference will be upheld but where there is inconsistency, the editors will apply the most used spelling style. Manuscripts should be written in clear English. Consult the Oxford English Dictionary for spelling, capitalisation, hyphenation and abbreviation conventions.
Headings: Headings should not be numbered unless this is absolutely essential for clarity. Please indicate the level of the section headings in your article:
• First-level headings (e.g. Introduction, Conclusion) should be in bold, sentence case
• Second-level headings should be in bold italics, sentence case
• Third-level headings should be in italics, sentence case.
• Fourth-level headings should also be in italics, at the beginning of a paragraph.
Quotations: Quotations should appear in double quotes with singles within. Quotes exceeding 40 words should appear in a block quote, i.e. they should start on a separate line and be indented.
Endnotes: Endnotes (not footnotes) should be used only where necessary. They should be numbered consecutively using superscript Arabic numerals. They should appear at the end of the main text, immediately before the list of references.
Referencing style: The Chicago author-date system is used and can be viewed here.
Authors are reminded that previous work must be comprehensively cited and all manuscripts are screened for originality. To avoid potential problems later, please consult the guide to citation, available here.
Tables and figures
Indicate in the text where the tables and figures should appear, for example, by inserting [Table 1 near here]. The actual tables and figures should be supplied either at the end of the text or in a separate file as requested by the Editor. Ensure you have permission to use any figures you are reproducing from another source.
• Provide the highest quality figure format possible. For digital photographs or scanned images the resolution should be at least 300 dpi for colour or greyscale artwork and at least 600 dpi for black line drawings. These can be saved (in order of preference) in PSD, JPEG, PDF or EPS format. Graphs, charts or maps can be saved in AI, PDF or EPS format. MS Office files (Word, Powerpoint, Excel) are also acceptable but DO NOT EMBED Excel graphs or Powerpoint slides in a MS Word document, rather send the original Excel or Powerpoint files. More detailed technical information is given in Figure Guidelines for Authors available for download below.
• Figures must be saved separate to text. Please do not embed figures in the manuscript file.
• All figures must be numbered in the order in which they appear in the manuscript (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2). In multi-part figures, each part should be labelled (e.g. Figure 1(a), Figure 1(b)).
• Every figure must have a caption. These must be included at the end of your manuscript. The filename for a graphic should be descriptive of the graphic (for example, Figure 1, Figure 2a).
Supplemental material for Online Version: Supplemental material can mean anything from tables to datasets, filesets to presentations, etc. Including supplemental material with your article makes it more discoverable, and Taylor & Francis has implemented a number of initiatives to ensure it is effectively included, or linked to, within the article abstract.
Reproduction of copyright material: If you wish to include any material in your manuscript in which you do not hold copyright, you must obtain written permission from the copyright owner, prior to submission. Such material may be in the form of text, data, table, illustration, photograph, line drawing, audio clip, video clip, film still, and screenshot, and any supplemental material you propose to include. This applies to direct (verbatim or facsimile) reproduction as well as “derivative reproduction” (where you have created a new figure or table which derives substantially from a copyrighted source).
You must ensure appropriate acknowledgement is given to the permission granted to you for reuse by the copyright holder in each figure or table caption. You are solely responsible for any fees which the copyright holder may charge for reuse.
The reproduction of short extracts of text, excluding poetry and song lyrics, for the purposes of criticism may be possible without formal permission on the basis that the quotation is reproduced accurately and full attribution is given.
For further information and FAQs on the reproduction of copyright material, please consult our guide here.
Open Access: AJSTID is a hybrid journal, which allows authors the option of publishing their article Open Access for a set fee. Further details on Open Select are available here.
Electronic reprints: Authors will be notified when their article is available for download from the journal website.