African Journal of AIDS Research

ISSN: 1608-5906 (Print)
            1727-9445 (Online)
Publication frequency: 4 issues per year

Impact Factor: 0.861 (2016)
5-year Impact Factor: 1.112

Accredited with the DHET (SAPSE)


Co-published with Taylor & FrancisClick here for Open Access options on this journal


Aims & Scope

African Journal of AIDS Research (AJAR) is a peer-reviewed research journal publishing papers that make an original contribution to the understanding of social dimensions of HIV/AIDS in African contexts. AJAR includes articles from, amongst others, the disciplines of sociology, demography, epidemiology, social geography, economics, psychology, anthropology, philosophy, health communication, media, cultural studies, public health, education, nursing science and social work. Papers relating to impact, care, prevention and social planning, as well as articles covering social theory and the history and politics of HIV/AIDS, will be considered for publication.



Alan Whiteside, D Econ: CIGI Chair in Global Health Policy, Balsillie School of International Affairs, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Editorial Assistants

Sulamita Romanchik, Global Governance Fellow, Balsillie School of International Affairs, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Sebastian Lacey, Global Governance Fellow, Balsillie School of International Affairs, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Associate Editors

S Nathaniel Dlamini, PhD: Principal Survey Statistician, Statistics South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Rebecca K Fielding-Miller, MSPH, PhD: Research Fellow, Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, United States
Casey Golomski, PhD: Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, United States and Research Associate, Department of Anthropology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa 
Roger McLean, MSc: Research Fellow, Centre for Health Economics, University of the West Indies, St Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Ann Neville Miller, PhD: Associate Professor, Nicholson School of Communication, University of Central Florida, United States 
Gemma Oberth, PhD: Research Fellow, Democracy in Africa Research Unit, Centre for Social Science Research, University of Cape
Town, Cape Town, South Africa 
Tim Quinlan, PhD: Health Economics and HIV/AIDs Research Division (HEARD), University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa                                                                                                                                                       

Manuscript Submission

All manuscripts presented in accordance with instructions to authors should be submitted online at the African Journal of AIDS Research ScholarOne Manuscripts site (

Editorial Board

Peter Aggleton, PhD: Professor of Education and Health, Centre for Social Research in Health, University of New South Wales, Australia
Sohail Agha, PhD: Research Associate Professor, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, USA
Augustine Ankomah, PhD: Senior Technical Advisor, Population Services International, The Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria
Catherine Campbell, PhD: Professor in Social Psychology, London School of Economics, UK
Mary Crewe, MA: Director, Centre for the Study of AIDS, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Marguerite Daniel, PhD: Guest Researcher, Research Centre for Health Promotion, University of Bergen, Norway
Kim Dickson, MSc, MBChB, DFFP: Medical Officer, HTM/HIV Prevention in the Health Sector, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Rachel Jewkes, MBBS, MD: Director, Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa; Honorary Professor, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Honorary Senior Lecturer, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Sam Kalibala, MD: Regional Representative of the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative in East and Southern Africa (IAVI), Nairobi, Kenya
Mubiana Macwan'gi, PhD: Research Fellow, Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Zambia, Lusaka
Charles Nzioka, PhD: Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Nairobi, Kenya; Programme Specialist in charge of Research on HIV/AIDS and Education, UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP), Paris, France
Linda Richter, PhD: Executive Director of Child, Youth, Family and Social Development Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Durban, South Africa
David Serwadda, MBChB, MMedSc, MSc, MPH: Associate Professor of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Makerere University Institute of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
Brian Williams, PhD: Epidemiologist, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
David Wilson, PhD: Senior Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist, World Bank, Washington DC, USA

Publishing Manager

Contact regarding all aspects relating to the production of the journal, including scheduling and copyright issues:

Mike Schramm
NISC (Pty) Ltd
4 Speke Street
PO Box 377
Grahamstown 6140
South Africa

Tel: +27 (0)46 622 9698
Fax: +27 (0)46 622 9550

Latest Issue

Volume 17, Issue 1, 2018


Perceptions of why Malawians engage in concurrent sexual partnerships among a select population of radio listeners: findings from an exploratory study
Author(s): Rupali J LimayeJohns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs, Maryland, Amanda BermanJohns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs, Maryland, Jane BrownJohns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs, Maryland, Triza KakhobweJohns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs, Malawi
Pages: 1–8
The influence of lotteries on employees’ workplace HIV testing behaviour
Author(s): Martin WeihsSocial Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance (SAHARA) and HIV/AIDS, South Africa, Anna Meyer-WeitzSchool of Applied Human Sciences, South Africa, Friederike Baasner-WeihsNelson Mandela University, South Africa
Pages: 9–21
Incursions from the epicentre: Southern theory, social science, and the global HIV research domain
Author(s): Rebecca HodesAIDS and Society Research Unit, South Africa, Robert MorrellOffice of the Vice-Chancellor, South Africa
Pages: 22–31
Teenage pregnancies in Mozambique: the experience of “Servicios Amigos dos Adolescentes” clinics in Beira
Author(s): Damiano PizzolOperational Research Unit, Italy, Francesco Di GennaroClinic of Infectious Diseases, Italy, Chiara BoscardinDepartment of Woman’s and Child’s Health, Italy, Giovanni PutotoOperational Research Unit, Italy, Elena CuppiniDistrict Health Department, Mozambique, Graciana PitaDepartment of Woman’s and Child’s Health, Italy, Alexandra GeorgeDistrict Health Department, Mozambique, Laura MonnoClinic of Infectious Diseases, Italy, Annalisa SaracinoClinic of Infectious Diseases, Italy, Liviana Da DaltDepartment of Woman’s and Child’s Health, Italy, Angela De PalmaSection of Thoracic Surgery, Italy
Pages: 32–36
The role of children in their HIV-positive parents’ management of antiretroviral therapy in Uganda
Author(s): Ruth NalugyaMedical Research Council/Uganda Virus Research Institute, Uganda, Steven RussellSchool of International Development, UK, Flavia ZalwangoMedical Research Council/Uganda Virus Research Institute, Uganda, Janet SeeleyMedical Research Council/Uganda Virus Research Institute, Uganda
Pages: 37–46
Structural barriers to South African volunteer home-based caregivers providing quality care: the need for a policy for caregivers not affiliated to primary healthcare clinics
Author(s): David MortonDepartment of Nursing Science, South Africa, Thoko MayekisoVice Chancellor’s Office, South Africa, Peter CunninghamDepartment of Sociology and Anthropology, South Africa
Pages: 47–53
The role of community health workers in supporting South Africa’s HIV/ AIDS treatment programme
Author(s): Shauna MottiarDevelopment Studies, South Africa, Tom LodgeDevelopment Studies, South Africa
Pages: 54–61
Estimating risk factors for HIV infection among women in Mozambique using population-based survey data
Author(s): Sara S DiasEpiDoC Unit, Centro de Estudos de Doenças Crónicas da NOVA Medical School, Portugal, Francisco MbofanaMinistry of Health, Mozambique, Sheyla R CassyDepartamento de Matemática e Informática, Faculdade de Ciências, Mozambique, Sónia DiasInstituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Portugal, Gonçalo F AugustoInstituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Portugal, Victor AgadjanianCenter of Population Dynamics, USA, Maria R O MartinsInstituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Portugal
Pages: 62–71
Community perceptions of the socio-economic structural context influencing HIV and TB risk, prevention and treatment in a high prevalence area in the era of antiretroviral therapy
Author(s): Nothando NgwenyaAfrica Health Research Institute, South Africa, Dumile GumedeAfrica Health Research Institute, South Africa, Maryam ShahmaneshAfrica Health Research Institute, South Africa, Nuala McGrathAfrica Health Research Institute, School of Nursing and Public Health, South Africa, Alison GrantAfrica Health Research Institute, School of Nursing and Public Health, South Africa, Janet SeeleyAfrica Health Research Institute, School of Nursing and Public Health, South Africa
Pages: 72–81
Managing HIV-positive sero-status in Ghana’s most HIV concentrated district: self-perceived explanations and theoretical discourse
Author(s): Adobea Y OwusuInstitute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER), Ghana, Amos LaarDepartment of Family and Population Health, School of Public Health, Ghana
Pages: 82–90

Short Communication

Exploring dual disclosures for men who have sex with men in Mpumalanga, South Africa: a report from the field
Author(s): Joseph DanielsLehman College, USA, Tim LaneUniversity of California San Francisco, USA, Kabelo MalekeAnova Health Institute, South Africa, Wini MogosUniversity of California Irvine, USA, Ryan AssafUniversity of California Irvine, USA, Helen StruthersAnova Health Institute, South Africa, James McIntyreAnova Health Institute, South Africa, Tom CoatesUniversity of California Los Angeles, USA
Pages: 91–94


Pages: 97–97


Instructions for Authors

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Author FAQ


Instructions for Authors 

African Journal of AIDS Research (AJAR) publishes papers that make an original contribution to the understanding of the social dimensions of HIV and AIDS in African contexts. AJAR will publish research articles of 5 000 to 7 500 words and short communications of 2 000 words. Review papers will be considered only if they make an original conceptual or theoretical contribution to the field. Invited book reviews are also published.

Editorial policy: Submission of a manuscript implies that the material has not previously been published, nor is it being submitted elsewhere for publication. Contributions are accepted with the understanding that the authors have the authority for publication. Submission will be taken to imply transfer of copyright of the material to the publishers. NISC (Pty) Ltd. Contributions must conform to the principles outlined in Ethical Considerations in Research Publication available for download below.

Papers submitted to AJAR will be reviewed by two appropriately qualified and experienced referees to ensure that all articles accepted for publication are methodologically and conceptually sound and make an original contribution to the field. The journal adheres strictly to a double blind review process. The final decision to accept a manuscript rests with the Editor-in-Chief. Queries regarding manuscripts can be addressed to the Editorial Office at

Submission: Manuscript submissions should be made online at the African Journal of AIDS Research ScholarOne Manuscripts site. New users should first create an account. Once a user is logged onto the site, submissions should be made via the Author Centre. Manuscripts must adhere to the format criteria described below, and papers failing to do so will be returned to authors to be corrected before being reviewed. Authors can make use of a language editing service to ensure that the presentation of their work is of an appropriate standard for submission.

Manuscript presentation: Submitted manuscripts should contain the following sections, each in separate files:

Title page: The title (max. 20 words) should be a concise description of the article content. Author names must appear only on the title page. This page should also include each author’s names (full first name and surname), each author’s full institutional affiliation, the e-mail address of the designated corresponding author. Recommended, but not required, are short biographical notes for the authors (highest academic degree, work experience, research interests) and/or any acknowledgements.

Abstract: This should include the title of the paper and an abstract. The abstract is a concise statement of the scope of the work, the principal findings and the conclusions and should not exceed 250 words. It should not contain references. Below the abstract, up to eight additional keywords or phrases (which are not already given in the title) should be listed in alphabetical order. Short communications also require brief abstracts (max. 150 words).

Main text: All papers should include Introduction and Conclusions sections, but given the diverse range of papers that might be published in AJAR, we do not prescribe a standard format for the middle section.                                                                                                                                 Format – Manuscripts should be prepared in MSWord. The headings and text should be presented in 12-point Arial or Calibri font. The text should use 1.5 line spacing, with no extra line spacing, and should not include text columns, creative formatting or additional fonts. Headings should be sentence case and never numbered. There should be no more than three heading levels: (1) bold, (2) bold italics, (3) italics. Endnotes, not footnotes, may be used sparingly. Tables and figures (graphs, photographs or scanned images) should not be part of the text but prepared as separate files.                                                                                                                                                        

Editorial style – Manuscripts should be written in clear English (UK spelling). Consult the Oxford English Dictionary for spelling, capitalisation, hyphenation and abbreviation conventions. Consult a copy of the journal for general style conventions. Double quotation marks and regular font should be used to designate material quoted directly from other texts. Direct speech should be italicised. Use single quotation marks to signify a quote embedded within another quotation. Double quote marks and italic font should be used to denote informants’ quotes. The period (.) must be used as the decimal indicator, and ‘thousands’ should be designated by a space rather than a comma (Example: 1 500 000). Conventions on presenting mathematical and statistical data are outlined in Guidelines for the presentation of mathematical and statistical data available for download below.        

Referencing: Use APA 6 author–date style. Multiple citations in the text must be separated by semicolons and cited chronologically in the form (Habib, 1998, 2005; Bwanika & Davis, 2000; Ministry of Health, 2011). If there is more than one citation with the same publication year, these should be listed alphabetically. If previously published work is quoted directly, the citation must include the author, year of publication, and page number as in (Ajulu, 1999, p. 63). If more than five authors are cited in a reference, use only the name of the first author followed by ‘et al’. The reference list should be in alphabetical order by first author, and include all the authors of a given reference (do not use “et al.” in the list); likewise, use full journal titles. URLs may be cited only for references that are not available in print (such as a webpage) or ones that link to hard-to-find sources (e.g. municipal document), and these URLs must be up-to-date at the time of submission. Include DOIs for articles where possible.

Example reference list:    

Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cockerham, W. C. (2000). The sociology of health behaviour and health lifestyles. In Bird C, Conrad P, & Fremont A. (Eds.), Handbook of Medical Sociology. (pp. 159–172). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Klopper, C., Stellenberg, E., & van der Merwe, A. (2014). Stigma and HIV disclosure in the Cape Metropolitan area, South Africa. African Journal of AIDS Research, 13(1), 37–43. 16085906.2014.886606

Bicego, G., Nkambule, R., Peterson, I., Reed, J., Donnell, D., Ginindza, H., … Justman, J. (2013). Recent patterns in populationbased HIV prevalence in Swaziland. PLoS One, 8(10), e77101.

World Health Organization. (2014, May). Swaziland: health profile. (accessed Jan 17, 2014).

Tables and Figures – Tables and figures should contain only information directly relevant to the content of the paper. Each table and figure must include a full, stand-alone caption, and each must be sequentially mentioned in the text. Highly stylised formatting should be avoided. Tables may use thin, horizontal lines but should not include cells with shading. Authors must ensure that their figures conform to the style of the journal. Pay particular attention to line thickness, font and figure proportions, taking into account the Journal’s printed page size. Costs of redrawing figures may be charged. Please refer to Figure Guidelines for Authors: format, style and technical considerations available for download below. For digital photographs or scanned images the resolution should be at least 300 dpi for colour or greyscale artwork and a minimum of 600 dpi for black line drawings. These can be saved (in order of preference) in PSD, JPEG, PDF or EPS format. Graphs, charts or maps can be saved in AI, PDF or EPS format. MS Office files (Word, Powerpoint, Excel) are also acceptable but DO NOT EMBED Excel graphs or Powerpoint slides in a MS Word document, rather send the original Excel or Powerpoint files. More detailed technical information is given in Figure Guidelines for Authors.

Open access: The African Journal of AIDS Research is a hybrid journal which allows authors the option of publishing their article Open Access for a set fee. Further details are given on the Open Access at NISC page.

Electronic reprints: Authors will be notified when their article is available for download from the journal website.


Instructions for Authors

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Figure Guidelines for Authors

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Figure FAQs

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