African Journal of AIDS Research

ISSN: 1608-5906 (Print)
            1727-9445 (Online)
Publication frequency: 4 issues per year

Impact Factor: 0.716 (2015)
5-year Impact Factor: 0.866

Accredited with the DHET (SAPSE)


Co-published with Taylor & FrancisClick here for Open Access options on this journal


Aims & Scope

African Journal of AIDS Research (AJAR) is a peer-reviewed research journal publishing papers that make an original contribution to the understanding of social dimensions of HIV/AIDS in African contexts. AJAR includes articles from, amongst others, the disciplines of sociology, demography, epidemiology, social geography, economics, psychology, anthropology, philosophy, health communication, media, cultural studies, public health, education, nursing science and social work. Papers relating to impact, care, prevention and social planning, as well as articles covering social theory and the history and politics of HIV/AIDS, will be considered for publication.



Alan Whiteside, D Econ: CIGI Chair in Global Health Policy, Balsillie School of Internatinal Affairs, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Associate Editors

S Nathaniel Dlamini, PhD: Principal Survey Statistician, Statistics South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Rebecca K Fielding-Miller, MSPH, PhD: Research Fellow, Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, United States
Pieter Fourie, PhD: Professor and Chair, Department of Political Science, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa
Casey Golomski, PhD: Research Fellow, Department of Anthropology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa and Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, United States
Roger McLean, MSc: Research Fellow, Centre for Health Economics, University of the West Indies, St Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Gemma Oberth, PhD: Research Fellow, Democracy in Africa Research Unit, Centre for Social Science Research, University of Cape
Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Manuscript Submission

All manuscripts presented in accordance with instructions to authors should be submitted online at the African Journal of AIDS Research ScholarOne Manuscripts site (

Editorial Board

Peter Aggleton, PhD: Professor of Education and Health, Centre for Social Research in Health, University of New South Wales, Australia
Sohail Agha, PhD: Research Associate Professor, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, USA
Augustine Ankomah, PhD: Senior Technical Advisor, Population Services International, The Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria
Catherine Campbell, PhD: Professor in Social Psychology, London School of Economics, UK
Mary Crewe, MA: Director, Centre for the Study of AIDS, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Marguerite Daniel, PhD: Guest Researcher, Research Centre for Health Promotion, University of Bergen, Norway
Kim Dickson, MSc, MBChB, DFFP: Medical Officer, HTM/HIV Prevention in the Health Sector, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Rachel Jewkes, MBBS, MD: Director, Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa; Honorary Professor, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Honorary Senior Lecturer, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Sam Kalibala, MD: Regional Representative of the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative in East and Southern Africa (IAVI), Nairobi, Kenya
Mubiana Macwan'gi, PhD: Research Fellow, Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Zambia, Lusaka
Charles Nzioka, PhD: Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Nairobi, Kenya; Programme Specialist in charge of Research on HIV/AIDS and Education, UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP), Paris, France
Linda Richter, PhD: Executive Director of Child, Youth, Family and Social Development Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Durban, South Africa
David Serwadda, MBChB, MMedSc, MSc, MPH: Associate Professor of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Makerere University Institute of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
Brian Williams, PhD: Epidemiologist, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
David Wilson, PhD: Senior Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist, World Bank, Washington DC, USA

Publishing Manager

Contact regarding all aspects relating to the production of the journal, including scheduling and copyright issues:

Mike Schramm
NISC (Pty) Ltd
4 Speke Street
PO Box 377
Grahamstown 6140
South Africa

Tel: +27 (0)46 622 9698
Fax: +27 (0)46 622 9550

Latest Issue

Volume 15, Issue 3, 2016


Antiretroviral adherence and virological outcomes in HIV-positive patients in Ugu district, KwaZulu-Natal province
Author(s): Germain KapiambaDepartment of Health Studies, South Africa, Thembekile MasangoDepartment of Health Studies, South Africa, Ditaba MphuthiDepartment of Health Studies, South Africa
Pages: 195–201
Multiple sexual partnerships and their correlates among Facebook users in Swaziland: an online cross-sectional study
Author(s): Bhekumusa Wellington LukheleDepartment of Global Health and Socio-Epidemiology, Japan, Teeranee TechasrivichienDepartment of Global Health and Socio-Epidemiology, Japan, Patou Masika MusumariDepartment of Global Health and Socio-Epidemiology, Japan, Christina El-saaidiDepartment of Global Health and Socio-Epidemiology, Japan, S. Pilar SuguimotoDepartment of Global Health and Socio-Epidemiology, Japan, Masako Ono-KiharaDepartment of Global Health and Socio-Epidemiology, Japan, Masahiro KiharaDepartment of Global Health and Socio-Epidemiology, Japan
Pages: 203–210
Voluntary medical male circumcision for HIV prevention in fishing communities in Uganda: the influence of local beliefs and practice
Author(s): Martin MbonyeMRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Uganda, Monica KuteesaMRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Uganda, Janet SeeleyMRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Uganda, Jonathan LevinSchool of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, South Africa, Helen WeissMRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, United Kingdom, Anatoli KamaliMRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Uganda
Pages: 211–218
A qualitative study of migrant-related stressors, psychosocial outcomes and HIV risk behaviour among truck drivers in Zambia
Author(s): Lynn Murphy MichalopoulosSchool of Social Work, USA, Nomagugu NcubeInternational Organization for Migration, Zambia, Simona J. SimonaDepartment of Social Development Studies, Zambia, Brian KansankalaInternational Organization for Migration, Zambia, Emmanuel SinkalaInternational Organization for Migration, Zambia, Jasmin RaidooSchool of Social Work, USA
Pages: 219–226
Clinical correlates of suicidality among individuals with HIV infection and AIDS disease in Mbarara, Uganda
Author(s): Godfrey Zari RukundoDepartment of Psychiatry, Uganda, Eugene KinyandaDepartment of Psychiatry, Uganda, Brian MisharaCentre for Research and Intervention on Suicide and Euthanasia and Psychology Department, Canada
Pages: 227–232
Teachers’ subjectivities and emotionality in HIV/AIDS teaching
Author(s): Jaqueline NaidooSchool of Education, South Africa, Peter RuleSchool of Education, South Africa
Pages: 233–241
Adverse drug reactions associated with antiretroviral therapy in South Africa
Author(s): Sumeshni BirbalSchool of Health Sciences, South Africa, Mukesh DhedaSchool of Health Sciences, South Africa, Elizabeth OjewoleSchool of Health Sciences, South Africa, Frasia OosthuizenSchool of Health Sciences, South Africa
Pages: 243–248
Leadership emergence: the application of the Cynefin framework during a bio-social HIV/AIDS risk-reduction pilot
Author(s): Christopher J BurmanThe Rural Development and Innovation Hub, South Africa, Marota A AphaneThe Rural Development and Innovation Hub, South Africa
Pages: 249–260
Psychosocial well-being of people living with HIV and the community before and after a HIV stigma-reduction community “hub” network intervention
Author(s): Catharina D PrinslooAfrica Unit for Transdisciplinary Health Research (AUTHeR), Faculty of Health Sciences, South Africa, Minrie GreeffAfrica Unit for Transdisciplinary Health Research (AUTHeR), Faculty of Health Sciences, South Africa, Annamarie KrugerAfrica Unit for Transdisciplinary Health Research (AUTHeR), Faculty of Health Sciences, South Africa, Suria EllisUnit for Business Mathematics and Informatics, South Africa
Pages: 261–271
Church representatives’ perspectives on masculinities in the context of HIV: the case of the Ecumenical HIV and AIDS Initiative in Africa
Author(s): Hendrew G LuseyWorld Council of Churches, The Ecumenical HIV and AIDS Initiative in Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo, Monica ChristiansonDepartment of Nursing, Sweden, Miguel San SebastianDivision of Epidemiology and Global Health, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Sweden, Kerstin E EdinDepartment of Nursing, Sweden
Pages: 273–281
Morbidity and nutrition status of rural drug-naïve Kenyan women living with HIV
Author(s): Charlotte G NeumannDavid Geffen School of Medicine, USA, Winstone NyandikoUSAID – Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) Partnership, Kenya, Abraham SiikaUSAID – Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) Partnership, Kenya, Natalie DrorbaughJonathan and Karin Fielding School of Public Health, USA, Goleen SamariJonathan and Karin Fielding School of Public Health, USA, Grace EttyangSchool of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Kenya, Judith A ErnstIndiana University School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, USA
Pages: 283–291
Political economy of decentralising HIV and AIDS treatment services to primary healthcare facilities in three Nigerian states
Author(s): Chinyere MbachuHealth Policy Research Group, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine, Nigeria, Obinna OnwujekweHealth Policy Research Group, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine, Nigeria, Nkoli EzumahHealth Policy Research Group, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine, Nigeria, Olayinka Ajayi, Nigeria, Olusola Sanwo, Nigeria, Benjamin UzochukwuHealth Policy Research Group, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine, Nigeria
Pages: 293–300
Keeping kids in care: virological failure in a paediatric antiretroviral clinic and suggestions for improving treatment outcomes
Author(s): Susan PurchaseHOPE Cape Town Association and Trust, South Africa, Jayne CunninghamHOPE Cape Town Association and Trust, South Africa, Monika EsserImmunology Unit, Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, South Africa, Donald SkinnerFaculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, South Africa
Pages: 301–309


Pages: 314–314


Instructions for Authors

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Author FAQ


Instructions for Authors 

African Journal of AIDS Research (AJAR) publishes papers that make an original contribution to the understanding of the social dimensions of HIV and AIDS in African contexts. AJAR will publish research articles of 5 000 to 7 500 words and short communications of 2 000 words. Review papers will be considered only if they make an original conceptual or theoretical contribution to the field. Invited book reviews are also published.

Editorial policy: Submission of a manuscript implies that the material has not previously been published, nor is it being submitted elsewhere for publication. Contributions are accepted with the understanding that the authors have the authority for publication. Submission will be taken to imply transfer of copyright of the material to the publishers. NISC (Pty) Ltd. Contributions must conform to the principles outlined in Ethical Considerations in Research Publication available for download below.

Papers submitted to AJAR will be reviewed by two appropriately qualified and experienced referees to ensure that all articles accepted for publication are methodologically and conceptually sound and make an original contribution to the field. The journal adheres strictly to a double blind review process. The final decision to accept a manuscript rests with the Editor-in-Chief. Queries regarding manuscripts can be addressed to the Editorial Office at

Submission: Manuscript submissions should be made online at the African Journal of AIDS Research ScholarOne Manuscripts site. New users should first create an account. Once a user is logged onto the site, submissions should be made via the Author Centre. Manuscripts must adhere to the format criteria described below, and papers failing to do so will be returned to authors to be corrected before being reviewed. Authors can make use of a language editing service to ensure that the presentation of their work is of an appropriate standard for submission.

Manuscript presentation: Submitted manuscripts should contain the following sections, each in separate files:

Title page: The title (max. 20 words) should be a concise description of the article content. Author names must appear only on the title page. This page should also include each author’s names (full first name and surname), each author’s full institutional affiliation, the e-mail address of the designated corresponding author. Recommended, but not required, are short biographical notes for the authors (highest academic degree, work experience, research interests) and/or any acknowledgements.

Abstract: This should include the title of the paper and an abstract. The abstract is a concise statement of the scope of the work, the principal findings and the conclusions and should not exceed 250 words. It should not contain references. Below the abstract, up to eight additional keywords or phrases (which are not already given in the title) should be listed in alphabetical order. Short communications also require brief abstracts (max. 150 words).

Main text: All papers should include Introduction and Conclusions sections, but given the diverse range of papers that might be published in AJAR, we do not prescribe a standard format for the middle section.                                                                                                                                 Format – Manuscripts should be prepared in MSWord. The headings and text should be presented in 12-point Arial or Calibri font. The text should use 1.5 line spacing, with no extra line spacing, and should not include text columns, creative formatting or additional fonts. Headings should be sentence case and never numbered. There should be no more than three heading levels: (1) bold, (2) bold italics, (3) italics. Endnotes, not footnotes, may be used sparingly. Tables and figures (graphs, photographs or scanned images) should not be part of the text but prepared as separate files.                                                                                                                                                        

Editorial style – Manuscripts should be written in clear English (UK spelling). Consult the Oxford English Dictionary for spelling, capitalisation, hyphenation and abbreviation conventions. Consult a copy of the journal for general style conventions. Double quotation marks and regular font should be used to designate material quoted directly from other texts. Direct speech should be italicised. Use single quotation marks to signify a quote embedded within another quotation. Double quote marks and italic font should be used to denote informants’ quotes. The period (.) must be used as the decimal indicator, and ‘thousands’ should be designated by a space rather than a comma (Example: 1 500 000). Conventions on presenting mathematical and statistical data are outlined in Guidelines for the presentation of mathematical and statistical data available for download below.        

Referencing: Use APA 6 author–date style. Multiple citations in the text must be separated by semicolons and cited chronologically in the form (Habib, 1998, 2005; Bwanika & Davis, 2000; Ministry of Health, 2011). If there is more than one citation with the same publication year, these should be listed alphabetically. If previously published work is quoted directly, the citation must include the author, year of publication, and page number as in (Ajulu, 1999, p. 63). If more than five authors are cited in a reference, use only the name of the first author followed by ‘et al’. The reference list should be in alphabetical order by first author, and include all the authors of a given reference (do not use “et al.” in the list); likewise, use full journal titles. URLs may be cited only for references that are not available in print (such as a webpage) or ones that link to hard-to-find sources (e.g. municipal document), and these URLs must be up-to-date at the time of submission. Include DOIs for articles where possible.

Example reference list:    

Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cockerham, W. C. (2000). The sociology of health behaviour and health lifestyles. In Bird C, Conrad P, & Fremont A. (Eds.), Handbook of Medical Sociology. (pp. 159–172). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Klopper, C., Stellenberg, E., & van der Merwe, A. (2014). Stigma and HIV disclosure in the Cape Metropolitan area, South Africa. African Journal of AIDS Research, 13(1), 37–43. 16085906.2014.886606

Bicego, G., Nkambule, R., Peterson, I., Reed, J., Donnell, D., Ginindza, H., … Justman, J. (2013). Recent patterns in populationbased HIV prevalence in Swaziland. PLoS One, 8(10), e77101.

World Health Organization. (2014, May). Swaziland: health profile. (accessed Jan 17, 2014).

Tables and Figures – Tables and figures should contain only information directly relevant to the content of the paper. Each table and figure must include a full, stand-alone caption, and each must be sequentially mentioned in the text. Highly stylised formatting should be avoided. Tables may use thin, horizontal lines but should not include cells with shading. Authors must ensure that their figures conform to the style of the journal. Pay particular attention to line thickness, font and figure proportions, taking into account the Journal’s printed page size. Costs of redrawing figures may be charged. Please refer to Figure Guidelines for Authors: format, style and technical considerations available for download below. For digital photographs or scanned images the resolution should be at least 300 dpi for colour or greyscale artwork and a minimum of 600 dpi for black line drawings. These can be saved (in order of preference) in PSD, JPEG, PDF or EPS format. Graphs, charts or maps can be saved in AI, PDF or EPS format. MS Office files (Word, Powerpoint, Excel) are also acceptable but DO NOT EMBED Excel graphs or Powerpoint slides in a MS Word document, rather send the original Excel or Powerpoint files. More detailed technical information is given in Figure Guidelines for Authors.

Open access: The African Journal of AIDS Research is a hybrid journal which allows authors the option of publishing their article Open Access for a set fee. Further details are given on the Open Access at NISC page.

Electronic reprints: Authors will be notified when their article is available for download from the journal website.


Instructions for Authors

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Figure Guidelines for Authors

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Figure FAQs

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